How to Become a Fullstack Developer? - Physics Wallah

If you want to break into the world of web development, then becoming a full-stack developer is the perfect way to do it. Full-stack developers are highly sought after by businesses due to their skillset in both front-end and back-end development. This makes them valuable assets to any development team.

This blog aims to teach you how to become a full-stack developer. This blog will help you get better information about full-stack development; by the end, you can decide whether it is the right career path for you.

How to Become a Fullstack Developer? - Physics Wallah

Introduction to Full-stack Development - What Does It Entail?

  • Full-stack development is a kind of software engineering that focuses on developing both the front-end and back-end of an application. It requires understanding the client-side and server-side technologies that make up a web application.
  • As a full-stack developer, you will be responsible for creating the user interfaces, coding the business logic, and creating the database structure. You will also be responsible for integrating external APIs and creating server-side logic.
  • Full-stack development requires knowledge in various areas, such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, AJAX, JSON, SQL, and the frameworks associated with these technologies.
  • A full-stack developer needs to understand the full system, from front-end development to back-end databases, and be able to troubleshoot and debug any issues.
  • Additionally, they must be proficient in version control, unit testing, and automation techniques to ensure a performant and reliable application.
  • Full-stack developers must also have strong communication and problem-solving skills. They should be able to collaborate with UX/UI designers and other stakeholders to ensure their design and implementation is compatible with their product goals.
  • Furthermore, they must be able to operate independently, understand data structures and algorithms, and research new technologies to see how they can incorporate it into their workflow.

Step-By-Step Guide to Becoming a Full-stack Developer

  1. Learn the Basics of HTML, CSS and JavaScript
  • Becoming a full-stack developer requires a solid understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
  • HTML (HyperText Markup Language) gives structure and meaning to webpage content. It's the foundation of any webpage and describes the content’s organization and it’s presentation in the browser.
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is then used to add styling and design to the web page. It's what makes webpages look attractive and facilitates user interaction. CSS works in tandem with HTML to create a website's overall look and feel.
  • Finally, JavaScript (JS) gives interactive webpage functionality. It's often used to create interactive forms, create dynamic content, and build user experiences.
  • The basics of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are essential for full-stack developers, so learning how to use them is essential.
  • HTML and CSS are the building blocks of the web, and JavaScript is the backbone of the modern web. Understanding these three technologies allows full-stack developers to easily create solutions that span multiple platform layers.
  1. Acquire Knowledge of Front-End Frameworks
  • Becoming a full-stack developer is more complex than just writing code. To be truly versatile, you must acquire knowledge of a variety of front-end frameworks.
  • Front-end frameworks are programming tools and libraries designed to help developers build out their sites more quickly, efficiently, and with stronger functionality.
  • The most popular front-end frameworks are Bootstrap, Foundation and Angular. Bootstrap is great for creating a responsive website with HTML and CSS. Foundation provides the core tools for developing a multi-device compatible site, and Angular allows developers to create more interactive website applications. Each of these frameworks has its features, pros and cons.
  • To become an effective full-stack developer, it's important to invest time in mastering these frameworks.
  • You can start by learning the structure of the frameworks, as well as their syntax and conventions.
  • From there, move on to reading through their documentation and exploring sample projects using the syntax.
  • Lastly, try building a few simple projects using the framework to ensure a basic level of comfort with the language.
  1. Master Back-End Technologies
  • The back-end of a website is the "invisible" part that drives the website's functionality. To become a full-stack developer, it's important to understand how back-end technologies such as databases and servers work and how to be able to manage them.
  • Databases, especially SQL servers and MariaDB, should be the foundation of any full-stack developer's knowledge. By using a database system, you can organize and retrieve data.
  • Knowing how to use different types of databases will make you a more valuable full-stack developer.
  • Knowing how to build and query databases efficiently are essential for manipulating data to create dynamic web applications and websites.
  • In addition to databases, full-stack developers should also have experience and understanding of client-side and server-side programming languages such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Python, Ruby on Rails, and Java. Knowing multiple languages is extremely valuable for efficiently developing an application's front-end and back-end.
  • Full-stack developers should also have a strong grasp of version control systems and web frameworks such as Apache, Drupal, and [React. js].
  1. Explore DevOps Tools, and Practices
  • The modern software development industry is constantly evolving, and one of the main aspects of this evolution is the DevOps methodology. With the rise of the cloud, automation, and continuous delivery, DevOps is becoming increasingly important for software developers.
  • DevOps is a methodology that combines the best practices of software development and IT operations, allowing teams to rapidly build, test, deploy, and manage applications and services.
  • DevOps tools and practices can help full-stack developers become more efficient and productive.
  • Many DevOps tools are available, from configuration management tools like Terraform and Chef to orchestration tools like Docker and Kubernetes to continuous delivery tools like Jenkins and Travis CI.
  1. Understanding how to use these tools effectively is key to becoming a full-stack developer.
  • Version control systems: Git, SVN, and other version control systems help developers to track their code effectively and efficiently.
  • Continuous integration: Continuous integration (CI) tools such as Jenkins and TravisCI help automate the release process and ensure that the code is properly tested before deployment.
  • Automation: Automation tools such as Chef, Puppet, and Ansible help to automate the server and infrastructure provisioning and configuration.
  • Monitoring: Monitoring tools such as Nagios, Zabbix, and New Relic help monitor the performance of servers and applications to ensure they run optimally.
  • Security: Security tools such as Nmap, Wireshark, and Tripwire help identify and address the environment's vulnerabilities.
  • Containerization: Containerization tools such as Docker, Kubernetes, and OpenShift package applications and their dependencies into small, lightweight images that can be deployed quickly.
  • Orchestration: Tools such as Amazon ECS, Apache Mesos, and Kubernetes manage the complex tasks and workflows of the IT department.
  1. Get Familiar with Version Control Systems
  • Version control systems record changes made to a project over time and notify users of those changes. This helps full-stack developers collaborate on projects with other developers and also helps them go back and review their work history.
  • Familiarizing with version control systems may include learning to use established version control systems such as Git, Mercurial, or Subversion.
  • Understanding how to use each system requires becoming acquainted with commands and command line basics.
  • This must then be complemented with an overview of the version control system's workflow, architecture, and configuration featuring the respective system's concepts, such as branches, merging, etc.
  • Finally, version control systems require practicing commands and workflows with a system such as Git. Creating repositories and familiarizing yourself with core commands such as add, commit, and the clone will better equip you to start version controlling any project.
  • Once you understand the basics of the version control system and its commands, you'll be able to collaborate accordingly with other full-stack developers.

Gaining Professional Experience as a Full-stack Developer

  • As a full-stack developer, you can work with front-end and back-end components and deliver complete solutions. This versatility is highly sought after in today's development landscape, and one of the best ways to demonstrate your full-stack development skills is to have significant professional experience.
  • The most important way to gain experience is by developing projects. As well as looking good on your CV, projects demonstrate your coding and problem-solving abilities. Start by creating a GitHub profile with repositories of projects you have developed.
  • You can also look for internships, apprenticeships and voluntary positions that will allow you to gain full-stack development experience. These positions offer an opportunity to apply the knowledge gained from education while also providing contact with other developers and mentors.
  • Enrolling in an online training course can also provide hands-on experience. Here you can learn the real-world skills needed to develop complete web applications from front to back.
  • Additionally, coding challenges, hackathons and competitive coding competitions can help you practice your skills and provide the opportunity to network with experienced developers.
  • Ultimately, there are various ways to gain professional experience as a full-stack developer. Though the competition may be tough, becoming a full-stack developer is worth the opportunity to be taken.

Resources for the Aspiring Full-stack Developer

For those aspiring to become full-stack developers, plenty of resources are available online to aid their journey. From online tutorials and courses to coding challenges and Hackathons, these resources can help aspiring full-stack developers hone their skills, learn the core concepts, and develop expertise to ensure their success in the field.

Online courses

  • Learning full-stack development basics online is a great way to get started. Popular platforms, such as College Wallah, Udemy and Coursera, offer great courses on topics ranging from front-end to back-end, with topics covering HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Node.js, React, and even DevOps.
  • College Wallah is an extension of the revolutionary online platform of India, Physics Wallah. It provides basic courses, a step-by-step guide with practice exercises and quizzes that can help beginners gain a fundamental understanding of full-stack development.

Coding Challenges

  • Various coding challenges and Hackathons are also available, allowing developers to practice their skills in a competitive setting. Popular websites such as CodinGame, Hackerrank, and CodeChef offer coding challenges and competitions ranging from beginner to advanced levels.
  • They provide an opportunity to develop real-world problem-solving skills and can also help aspiring full-stack developers sharpen their coding abilities.


  • Furthermore, developers have at their disposal several coding 'bootcamps' that allow more immersively learning of the necessary skills of full-stack development.
  • Through such programs, developers can get a head-start on the process and save time when attempting to learn all the skills needed to become a full-stack developer.

Online Resources

  • Lastly, online resources and websites such as Stack Overflow and Reddit are also excellent sources of information.
  • They provide a platform where developers can ask questions and post tutorials, allowing them to benefit from the knowledge and experience of other community members.
  • Moreover, these websites can act as a great source of motivation, reminding developers of the importance of dedication and hard work toward becoming a successful full-stack developer.


Becoming a full-stack developer involves a lot of hard work and dedication, but it is a rewarding career path to pursue. To start, you should develop basic web development skills, such as HTML and CSS, and then move on to more advanced programming languages, like JavaScript and Python.

You should also familiarize yourself with databases and build a portfolio of projects to showcase your skills. As you gain more experience, you will be able to stay on top of the latest trends and technologies and continue to develop your skills to stay ahead of the competition.

A full-stack developer can achieve great success with the right attitude and determination.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What is the salary of a full-stack developer?

Ans. The salary range of a full-stack developer varies based on the specific level of expertise, the market, and the location, among other factors. According to PayScale, the median salary for a full-stack developer in the United Kingdom is £41,403 per year, and the range runs from £27,220 to £58,673. The highest salaries tend to go to experienced professionals who have spent several years honing their skills and knowledge.

Q2. What is the salary of a full-stack developer in India?


  • On average, a full-stack developer in India can expect to earn a salary ranging from ₹3,00,000 to even 1 million per year. The actual salary of a full-stack developer largely depends on their experience and the type of organization they work for.
  • For instance, developers working in top-tier IT firms earn significantly higher salaries than those working with small and medium-sized companies. Full-stack developers can earn additional income by developing their own projects or working on contract-based projects.

Q3. What are the skills required to become a full-stack developer?

Ans. At a minimum, full-stack developers should have proficiency in HTML, CSS, JavaScript and a scripting language like Python or Ruby. SQL databases such as MySQL and PostgreSQL are also extremely important, and a working knowledge of a web server like Apache or Nginx is necessary.

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