List Of Neighbouring Countries Of India
|Table of Content|
If you are a student or preparing for one day competitive examination, this will be very useful for you from the exam perspective. Our India is surrounded by nine neighbouring countries Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Srilanka, and the Maldives.
India is strategically located in Asia and shares its boundaries with nine countries. It is surrounded by the Indian ocean in the south, the Bay of Bengal in the East, and the Arabian Sea in the west.
Physical Background of India
India is the seventh-largest country globally and the second-largest in Southeast Asia in terms of area. It is the second-most populous country after China. The total length of the land border is 15107.5 Km, and the entire length of the Indian coastline is 7516.6 Km with the whole island territory.
India shares its boundaries with Afghanistan and Pakistan to the North-West, China, Bhutan, Nepal to the North, Bangladesh to the East, Srilanka to the South-East, the Maldives to the South-West and Myanmar to the East.
|Total Neighbouring Countries Of India||9|
|Neighbouring Countries Of India||Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and MyanmarTotal|
|Total Land Border Of India||15,106.7 k.m.|
|Total Length Of Indian Coastline||7516.6 km|
|Covers||Neighboring Countries Static Gk|
|Exams Covered||SSC, UPSC, Bank PO, RRB, and All Other Competitive Examination|
|Source||Government of India Official Website|
Neighbouring Countries of India
Afghanistan is located in Central Asia's heart, also called the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. India has always been a good relationship with Afghanistan. India has constructed more than 200 public and private schools and sponsored thousands of scholarship programs. India has also built multiple infrastructure projects, such as the Salma Dam, also known As the Afghan-India friendship dam.
|Prime Minister||Hasan Akhund|
|Official languages||Dari and Pashto|
|State/ Provinces||34 Provinces|
|Capital and largest city||Kabul|
|National Bird||Grey Peacock-the Golden eagle|
|National Fruit||Prunus persica|
|National Tree||Afghan Pine|
|National animal||Snow Leopard|
It is located on the west side of India. The bilateral relationships between India & Pakistan have always been tense and hostile after the partition. After the independence, Pakistan was bifurcated into East Pakistan and West Pakistan. Later in 1971, after the civil war, East Pakistan became Bangladesh.
|Prime Minister||Imran Khan|
|Official languages||Urdu, English|
|State/ Provinces||4 Provinces|
|National Game||Field Hockey|
|National Bird||Chukar partridge|
|National Fruit||Mango (Summer), Guava (Winter)|
|National Anthem||Quami Taranah|
|Longest river||Indus River|
China has always been a cordial trade partner of India, but in the fiscal year, 2022 US surpassed China to become the largest trade partner of India. China is the largest among all Asian countries and the most populous country globally. India trade approximately 89.6 billion with China every year.
|State/ Provinces||31 Provinces|
|National Game||Table Tennis|
|National Bird||Red-crowned crane|
|National Tree||Maidenhair tree|
|National Flower||Bluewater lily|
|National animal||Giant Panda|
|Longest river||Yangtze River|
Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim,
Uttarakhand, and Arunachal Pradesh
Nepal is another neighboring country of India with a boundary length of 1751 Km. It is also known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. The world's highest peak Mount Everest is in Nepal. It has 8 out of the ten tallest mountains in the world.
|President||Bidhya Devi Bhandari|
|Prime Minister||Sher Bahadur Deuba|
|State/ Provinces||7 Provinces|
|Capital and largest city||Kathmandu|
|National Bird||Himalayan Monal|
|National Tree||Ficus religiosa|
|Highest peak||Mount Everest|
|Parliament||The National Assembly|
Bhutan is situated on the eastern ridge of the Himalayan region. The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu, and it shares a boundary with India of only 699 Km. Bhutan also shares its culture with our country. There are several pilgrimage places often visited by Indians.
|Monarch||Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck|
|Prime Minister||Lotay Tshering|
|Upper house||National Council|
|State/ Provinces||20 Provinces|
|Capital and largest city||Thimphu|
|National Bird||The Raven|
|National Flower||Blue poppy|
|Religion||Vajrayana Buddhism, Hinduism|
The people's republic of Bangladesh, also known as Bangladesh, is located in South Asia. After the partition in 1947, Bangladesh was part of Pakistan; later, in 1971, one of the five provinces of Pakistan known as East Pakistan was separated and formed as Bangladesh.
The bilateral relationship between India & Bangladesh is amiable, and it shares a boundary of 4096 km with India.
|Prime Minister||Sheikh Hasina|
|State/ Provinces||8 Provinces|
|National Bird||Oriental Magpie-Robin|
|National Animal||Royal Bengal tiger|
|National Tree||Mango Tree|
|Religion||Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Christianity|
|Parliament||Jatiyo Shangsad and House of the Nation|
Myanmar, also called Burma, is situated on the western side of Southern Asia. It celebrates a water festival also called Thingyan in April. India shares a boundary length of 1600 Km with Myanmar. It is also known as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
|Prime Minister||Min Aung Hlaing,|
|National anthem||Kaba Ma Kyei|
|Capital and largest city||Naypyidaw|
|National Bird||Grey Peacock-Pheasant|
|National Tree||Green Peafowl|
|Highest peak||Hkakabo Razi|
|Parliament||The House of Representatives|
|Longest river||Irrawaddy River|
It is situated in the southern part of India and is separated by the Palk Strait. Srilanka has two capitals, Colombo and Sri Jaywardhane Kote. The former is commercial, and the latter is the legislative capital of Srilanka. It is also known as the Land of serendipity.
|Prime Minister||Ranil Wickremesinghe|
|Chief Justice||Jayantha Jayasuriya|
|Official languages||Sinhala, Tamil|
|State/ Provinces||9 states|
|Capital and largest city||Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte|
|Currency||Sri Lankan Rupee|
|National Bird||Jungle Fowl|
|National Flower||Bluewater lily|
Situated in the Northcentral Indian Ocean, Maldives, also known as the Republic of Maldives, is an island country. It shares the water boundary with India of 496.25 nautical miles. It has clusters of tiny coral islands, and sandbank forms a definite pattern of the chain.
|President||Ibrahim Mohamed Solih|
|Capital and largest city||Male|
|National Bird||White-breasted Waterhen|
|National Tree||Coconut Tree|
|National Animal||Yellowfin Tuna|
If you are preparing for any competitive examination like SSC, UPSC, NDA, Bank PO, etc., you must have complete knowledge of the neighbour countries of India. In this blog, we have provided all information regarding the topic sufficient for the examination.
Hope you will get the most out of this blog; please ask us in the comment section if you find any difficulty.
Also Check: States of India, Their Capital and Their Language
- State-Wise Famous Temples in India: Very Useful for Competitive Exams
- Defence Research and Development Organization
- Agneepath Scheme
- International Maths Olympiad
- List Of Neighbouring Countries Of India
- List of Months of The Year
- States of India, their Capitals Languages and Formation Detail
- Facts About Indian Constitution: What Every Citizen Should Know
- List of The Countries In Whole World
- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre