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Maharashtra Board of Class 10 Science Syllabus 2020-2021

Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education

Maharashtra Board of Class 10 Science Syllabus 2020-2021

Maharashtra Board SSC syllabus for Science subject is out there here. The board has reduced the syllabus by 25% for class 10 exam. The Directorate of state Examinations advised to revise the syllabus due to the shortage of your time. Students of Class 10th can download the complete syllabus2020-2021 in PDF format from this article. Students should undergo this latest syllabus to understand the topics and chapters prescribed for annual examinations. There is just one paper for Science subject of Maharashtra Board SSC. The complete syllabus is split into three divisions: Physics, Chemistry and Biology.



Chapter 1: Materials

Acids and Bases: Acids, Bases and Salts: General properties, examples and uses.

Chemical Reactions: Types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement double decomposition, precipitation, and neutralization

Oxidation and Reduction: Oxidation and Reduction in terms of gain and loss of oxygen and hydrogen

Metals and Non-Metals: Brief discussion on basic metallurgical processes. Properties of common metals. Elementary idea about bonding

Carbon Compounds: Elementary idea about bonding. Saturated hydrocarbons, alcohols, carboxylic acids (properties only)

Common chemicals used in daily life: Soap, common salt, Washing soda, Baking soda, bleaching powder, Plaster of Paris

Classification of Elements: Brief historical account, Mendeleev's periodic table, gradation in properties


Chapter 2: The World of the Living

Life Processes: Definition of "Living things". Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals

Control in the Living: Tropic movements in plants .Introduction to plant hormones; control and coordination in animals; voluntary, involuntary and reflex action, nervous system, chemical coordination, animal hormones.

Reproduction in the Living: Reproduction in plants and animals. Need for and methods of family planning. Safe Sex vs-. HIV/AIDS. Childbearing and women's health

Heredity and Evolution: Heredity, origin of life- brief introduction, Basic concepts of evolution.


Chapter 3: Moving things. People and Ideas

Electric Circuits: Potential and potential difference. Ohm's Law, Resistances in series and parallel. Power dissipated due to current. Inter relation between P, V, I and R.

Magnets: Magnetic field, field lines. Field due to a current carrying wire, coil, solenoid. Force on current carrying conductor. Fleming's Left Hand Rule. Electric motor, electromagnetic induction. Induced potential differences, induced current. Electric generator, principle and working. Direct and Alternating current. Frequency of AC. Advantages of AC over DC. Domestic Electric Circuits.


Chapter 4: Natural Phenomena

Light: Convergence and Divergence of Light

Spherical Mirrors: Images formed by a concave mirror. Related concepts: centre of curvature, principal axis, optical centre, focus, focal length

Refraction: appreciation of the concept of refraction. Laws of refraction. Velocity of light. Refractive index; twinkling of stars; dispersion of light. Scattering of light

Lenses: Images formed by a convex lens; functioning of the lens in the human problems of vision and their remedies. Application of spherical mirrors and lenses.


Chapter 5: Pollution

Types of pollution - air, water, (fresh and marine), soil, radiation, and noise

Sources of pollution and major pollutants oil spills

Effect of pollution on: environment, human health and other organisms

Abatement of pollution


Chapter 6: Striving for a Better Environment

Use of efficient and eco-friendly technology

Sustainable use of resources

Enforcement of acts, laws and policies


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