Barium Hydroxide Formula: Structure, Properties, Molar Mass

The Barium Hydroxide Formula is Ba(OH)2. In this article we will study about Barium Hydroxide Formula its structure, molecular mass and its properties.

Photo of author

Barium Hydroxide Formula

The Barium Hydroxide Formula Ba(OH)2, or barium hydroxide or baryta, is a white, odourless powder with potentially harmful properties. In solution, it exhibits ionic behaviour by producing two hydroxide ions per molecule. This makes it the ideal reagent for carboxamide metalization. It should be noted that barium hydroxide is less destructive than barium oxide in this process.

Barium Hydroxide Formula and Structure

Barium hydroxide is a chemical compound with the formula Ba(OH)2. This formula indicates that a single molecule of barium hydroxide consists of one barium ion (Ba²⁺) and two hydroxide ions (OH⁻). The hydroxide ions, in turn, consist of one oxygen (O) atom and one hydrogen (H) atom, giving them a charge of -1.

Ba(OH)2 is the chemical formula for barium hydroxide. It is available as anhydrous, monohydrate, and octal hydrate, with molar masses of 171.34 g mol-1, 189.955 g mol-1, respectively. The structure of the compound is formed with 2 hydroxyl anions, (OH–) and 1 barium cation (Ba2+).

In addition, its chemical structure is shown below as an image, in the form of the common representations we use for organic molecules if it is hydrated.

Barium Hydroxide Formula and Structure

Barium Hydroxide Formula by Criss-Cross Method

The criss-cross method is a technique used to determine the chemical formula of an ionic compound. In the case of barium hydroxide, this method involves crossing the numerical charges of the ions to find the subscripts for each element. Since barium has a charge of +2 (Ba²⁺) and hydroxide has a charge of -1 (OH⁻), you would write the formula as Ba2(OH)2, which simplifies to Ba(OH)2.

Barium Hydroxide Formula Name

The name of the compound Ba(OH)2 is simply “barium hydroxide.” It accurately reflects the chemical composition of the substance, with “barium” representing the metal cation (Ba²⁺) and “hydroxide” denoting the polyatomic anion (OH⁻).

Barium Hydroxide Formula Mass

Consider its constituent elements’ atomic masses to calculate the formula mass of barium hydroxide (Ba(OH)2). Barium (Ba) has an atomic mass of approximately 137.33 g/mol, while the atomic mass of oxygen (O) is about 16.00 g/mol, and hydrogen (H) has an atomic mass of approximately 1.01 g/mol. To find the formula mass, add these values together, accounting for the two hydroxide ions: 137.33 g/mol (Ba) + 2 * (16.00 g/mol (O) + 1.01 g/mol (H)) = 171.36 g/mol.

Barium Hydroxide Formula Mass

Barium Hydroxide Formula Units

The formula Ba(OH)2 represents one formula unit of barium hydroxide. Each formula unit contains one barium ion (Ba²⁺) and two hydroxide ions (OH⁻).

Barium Hydroxide Formula, Including Charges

The formula Ba(OH)2 includes the charges of the ions. Barium (Ba²⁺) carries a charge of +2, while hydroxide (OH⁻) has a charge of -1. This balanced combination of charges ensures that the compound is electrically neutral.


Barium Hydroxide Formula Hydrate

Barium hydroxide can also be hydrated as barium hydroxide octahydrate (Ba(OH)2·8H2O). This compound contains eight water molecules (H2O) in its structure. The presence of water molecules can affect the compound’s properties and reactivity.

Barium Hydroxide Formula Salt

Barium hydroxide is indeed a salt. Salts are ionic compounds formed by combining a metal cation (in this case, barium, Ba²⁺) and a non-metal anion (the hydroxide, OH⁻). Salts are typically solid at room temperature and have distinct chemical and physical properties.

Physical Properties of Barium Hydroxide Formula

With a white colour and no odour, barium hydroxide is solid. It has a density of 3.743 g mL-1 (monohydrate form) and 2.18 g mL-1 (octahydrate form). It has melting points of 78 C (octahydrate form), 300 C (monohydrate form), and 407 C (anhydrous form). At low temperatures, all 3 forms are slightly soluble in water, but as the temperature increases, solubility in water increases.

Chemical Properties of Barium Hydroxide Formula

As a result of the release of hydroxyl anions when barium hydroxide is dissolved in water, we obtain alkali solutions. Because it can react with sulphuric, phosphoric, and other acids to produce the respective salts, such as barium phosphate, barium hydroxide can be used to make barium salts.

Related Links
Acetone formula Ascorbic Acid formula
Actetamide formula Butane Formula

Barium Hydroxide Formula FAQs

How is barium hydroxide used?

Barium hydroxide is used in various applications. It is commonly utilized in the production of barium-based greases, in the manufacturing of certain chemicals, and as an additive in drilling fluids for oil wells. Additionally, it finds use in laboratories for various chemical processes and reactions.

What is the chemical name of barium hydroxide?

The chemical name of barium hydroxide is "Barium Hydroxide." It is accurately named based on its chemical composition, consisting of the metal cation barium (Ba²⁺) and the hydroxide anion (OH⁻).

Is barium hydroxide a base or acid?

Barium hydroxide is a strong base. When it dissolves in water, it releases hydroxide ions (OH⁻), making the solution alkaline. It has a strong alkaline effect and can be corrosive, so it should be handled with care.

Is Ba(OH)2 a formula unit?

No, Ba(OH)2 is not a formula unit; it represents a formula for barium hydroxide. A formula unit typically refers to the smallest, simplest, and electrically neutral representation of an ionic compound. In the case of barium hydroxide, the formula unit consists of one barium ion (Ba²⁺) and two hydroxide ions (OH⁻), resulting in the formula Ba(OH)2.

Leave a Comment