Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula – Structure, Properties, Uses

Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula: Dinitrogen Pentoxide formula is N2O5 and is used in chemistry as a nitrating agent and in rocket propulsion as a potent oxidizer.

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Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula

Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula: The formula for Dinitrogen Pentoxide consists of 2 nitrogen atoms and 5 oxygen atoms. Nitrogen, denoted by the symbol N, is a widely occurring chemical element with an atomic number of 7, and it is abundantly present in the Earth’s crust. Classified as a nonmetal, nitrogen is the lightest member of Group 15 in the periodic table. Its applications encompass food preservation, packaging, as well as its use in the light bulb industry, chemical analysis, and various sectors within the chemical industry.

Oxygen, symbolized as O, is another chemical element with an atomic number of 8. It ranks among the most prevalent elements in the Earth’s crust. Oxygen plays a crucial role in numerous combustion processes and serves as an oxidizing agent in rocket fuels. Furthermore, it finds utility in artificial respiration.

Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula

Dinitrogen Pentoxide is a chemical compound composed solely of oxygen and nitrogen atoms. It takes on the anhydride form of nitric acid and can crystallize in a colorless state. This compound consists of two nonmetals, oxygen and nitrogen, and has a chemical formula of N2O5. When at room temperature, it decomposes into nitrogen oxide and NO2.

It is also commonly referred to as nitric anhydride and is recognized for its potent oxidizing properties. Dinitrogen Pentoxide is extensively utilized as a strong oxidizer in high-thrust rocket propulsion systems and holds significance as a key component in the universe.

Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula Ionic or Covalent

Dinitrogen Pentoxide (N2O5) primarily forms covalent bonds due to the sharing of electrons between nitrogen and oxygen atoms.

Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula Structure

The structural arrangement of Dinitrogen Pentoxide, denoted by the chemical formula N2O5, can be elucidated through a Lewis structure. To construct this structure, it is essential to determine the total number of valence electrons, which amounts to 40. These electrons are subsequently used in forming ionic bonds.

A practical approach to expeditiously sketch the structure is to initiate with a basic framework, designating oxygen as the central atom. The valence electrons are then assigned to each atom until their octets are satisfied. As a result, all the atoms, with the exception of the central oxygen, attain octet fulfillment, as it possesses only 4 valence electrons.

Dinitrogen Pentoxide Preparation

Dinitrogen Pentoxide can be prepared through various reactions:

Reaction with Phosphorus Pentoxide and Nitric Acid:

Dinitrogen Pentoxide is obtained when phosphorus pentoxide reacts with nitric acid as shown in the equation:

2 HNO3 + P2O5 → N2O5 + 2 HPO3

Oxygen and Nitrogen Reaction:

Dinitrogen Pentoxide can also be formed through the reaction of oxygen with nitrogen:

5 O2 + 2 N2 →  2 N2O5

Reaction with Nitrogen Dioxide and Trioxygen:

Nitrogen dioxide reacts with trioxygen to produce Dinitrogen Pentoxide:

2 NO2 + O3 → O2 + N2O5

Reaction with Nitrogen Monoxide and Dioxygen:

Another method involves the reaction of nitrogen monoxide with dioxygen:

3 O2 + 4 NO → 2 N2O5

Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula Physical Properties

Molecular weight: 108.01 g/mol

Density: 1.64 g/cm3

Melting point: 41°C

Boiling point: 47°C

Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula Chemical Properties

Chemical formula: Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula is N2O5

Reaction with Sodium Hydroxide: Dinitrogen Pentoxide reacts with sodium hydroxide to form sodium nitrate and water.

2 NaOH + N2O5 → H2O + 2 Na2NO3

Reaction with Potassium Hydroxide: Dinitrogen Pentoxide reacts with potassium hydroxide to form Potassium Nitrate and water.

2KOH + N2O5 H2O + 2KNO3

Reaction with Water: Dinitrogen reacts with water to form nitric acid.

N2O5 + H2O → 2 HNO3

Reaction with Oxygen: Dinitrogen pentoxide reacts with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide.

2 N2O5 → O2 + 4 NO2

Uses of Dinitrogen Pentoxide

Dinitrogen Pentoxide finds diverse applications, serving as:

A Nitrating Agent: It plays a crucial role in contemporary synthetic organic chemistry as a nitrating agent, facilitating various chemical reactions.

Solvent: It is used as a solvent for various compounds, aiding in the dissolution and manipulation of substances.

Reagent for Nitration: In the realm of chemical reactions, it is utilized as a reagent, often dissolved in chloroform, to facilitate nitration processes.

Explosive Production: It is an essential component in the formulation of explosives.

Oxidizer in Rocket Propulsion: Dinitrogen Pentoxide serves as a potent oxidizer in high-thrust rocket engines, contributing to their propulsive power.

Related Links
Potassium Chlorate Formula Potassium Bromate Formula
Phosphate Formula Gold Formula


Dinitrogen Pentoxide Formula FAQs

What is the chemical formula of Dinitrogen Pentoxide?

The chemical formula of Dinitrogen Pentoxide is N2O5.

What is the structure of Dinitrogen Pentoxide?

Dinitrogen Pentoxide has a molecular structure that can be explained using a Lewis structure, with one central oxygen atom and surrounding nitrogen and oxygen atoms.

How is Dinitrogen Pentoxide prepared?

It can be prepared through various reactions, including the reaction of phosphorus pentoxide with nitric acid or by reacting oxygen with nitrogen, among other methods.

What are the physical properties of Dinitrogen Pentoxide?

Molecular Weight: 108.01 g/mol
Density: 1.64 g/cm³
Melting Point: 41°C
Boiling Point: 47°C

What are the chemical properties of Dinitrogen Pentoxide?

Dinitrogen Pentoxide is reactive and can undergo various chemical reactions, such as reacting with sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, water, and oxygen.

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