Glutaric Acid Formula (C5H8O4), Formula, IUPAC name and Properties

Glutaric Acid Formula C5H8O4, represents its chemical composition. It provides information about the types and numbers of atoms present in a molecule of glutaric acid.

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Glutaric acid Formula

Glutaric Acid Formula of C5H8O4. Glutaric acid formula  also known as pentanoic acid or n-Pyrotartaric acid. An alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acid, glutaric acid has a simple linear dicarboxylic acid structure with 5 carbons. The molecular formula for glutaric acid is C5H8O4. It consists of five carbon atoms, eight hydrogen atoms, and four oxygen atoms. Its structure consists of a linear chain of five carbon atoms with carboxyl groups (-COOH) attached to the first and fourth carbon atoms.

Glutaric acid Formula

The formula of glutaric acid, C5H8O4, represents its chemical composition. It provides information about the types and numbers of atoms present in a molecule of glutaric acid.

So, when you see the formula C5H8O4, it tells you that a molecule of glutaric acid is composed of five carbon atoms, eight hydrogen atoms, and four oxygen atoms arranged in a specific molecular structure. This formula is essential for understanding the chemical makeup of glutaric acid and is used in chemical reactions and equations.

Glutaric acid formula

When there is a high concentration of pentanedioic acid, it functions as both a metabotoxin and an acidogen. It can be created through the following method:

First, butyrolactone (C4H6O2) is opened with potassium cyanide (KCN) to form potassium carboxylate-nitrile. This compound is then hydrolyzed to become a diacid. An alternative way to synthesize pentanedioic acid is by reacting 1,3-dibromopropane with either potassium or sodium cyanide, resulting in dinitrile. This dinitrile can also be hydrolyzed to obtain glutaric acid.

Also Read:  Ethanol Formula

Glutaric acid Formula IUPAC Name 

The chemical formula for glutaric acid is C5H8O4, and its IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) name is “Pentanedioic acid.” The IUPAC name is derived from the structure of the compound, where it contains five carbon atoms and two carboxylic acid functional groups, making it a dicarboxylic acid.

Glutaric acid Structure formula

The chemical formula of glutaric acid is C3H6(COOH)2. As an alpha, omega-dicarboxylic acid with a linear five-carbon dicarboxylic acid, it is a human metabolite and a Daphnia Magna metabolite. It is also a conjugate acid of glutarate (1- ) and glutamate. It has a molecular weight of 132.12 g/mol. Below is the Glutaric acid Structural Formula : 

Glutaric acid Structure

Also Read:  Formaldehyde Formula

Glutaric acid formula mass

To calculate the molar mass of glutaric acid formula (C5H8O4) , you can sum the atomic masses of all the atoms in its chemical formula:

– Carbon (C) has an atomic mass of approximately 12.01 grams/mole.

– Hydrogen (H) has an atomic mass of approximately 1.01 grams/mole.

– Oxygen (O) has an atomic mass of approximately 16.00 grams/mole.

Now, let’s calculate the molar mass of glutaric acid:

Molar mass = (5 × Atomic mass of C) + (8 × Atomic mass of H) + (4 × Atomic mass of O)

Molar mass = (5 × 12.01 g/mol) + (8 × 1.01 g/mol) + (4 × 16.00 g/mol)

Molar mass ≈ 60.05 g/mol

So, the molar mass of glutaric acid is approximately 60.05 grams per mole.

Glutaric acid compound formula 

The Glutaric Acid Compoundl formula for glutaric acid is C5H8O4. Let’s break down this formula in detail:

C5: This represents that the molecule contains five carbon (C) atoms. Carbon is a non-metallic element and a fundamental building block of organic compounds.

H8: This indicates eight hydrogen (H) atoms in the molecule. Hydrogen is the lightest element in organic compounds and many other chemical substances.

O4: This signifies four oxygen (O) atoms in the compound. Oxygen is an essential element in various chemical reactions, including those in living organisms.

Glutaric Acid Properties

Glutaric Acid Properties

Chemical formula of Glutaric Acid  C5H8O4
Molecular weight  132.12 g/mol
Melting point  95 to 98 °C
Boiling point  200 °C

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Glutaric Acid FAQs

What is the chemical name of glutaric acid?

The chemical name of glutaric acid is "Pentanedioic acid." It is a dicarboxylic acid with five carbon atoms in its chain.

Where is glutaric acid present?

Glutaric acid is present naturally in various organisms and can also be found in certain foods. It is a metabolic intermediate in the catabolism of lysine and tryptophan amino acids. Additionally, it is used in the synthesis of various organic compounds and can be produced through chemical processes.

Is glutaric an acid?

Yes, glutaric acid is an acid. It is classified as a dicarboxylic acid because it contains two carboxylic acid functional groups (-COOH) in its molecular structure.

What is glutaric acid in the body?

In the human body, glutaric acid is involved in specific metabolic pathways. It is an intermediate in the amino acids lysine and tryptophan metabolism. Abnormalities in the metabolism of these amino acids can lead to an accumulation of glutaric acid in the body. 

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