- Question Answer
- (a) What do you understand by a simple machine? (b) State the principle of an ideal machine.
. (a) What do you understand by a simple machine? (b) State the principle of an ideal machine.
(a) A machine is a device by which we can either overcome a large resistive force at some point by applying a small force at a convenient point and in a desired direction or by which we can obtain a gain in the speed.
(b) An ideal machine is a machine whose parts are weightless and frictionless so that which there is no dissipation of energy in any manner. Its efficiency is 100%, i.e. the work output is equal to work input.