. Assertion The pattern and position of fringes always remain same even after the


introduction of transparent medium in a path of one of the slits.

Reason:The central fringe is bright or dark does not depend upon the initial phase difference between the two coherence sources.

 

Best Answer

Solution: If a transparent medium of thickness t and refractive index m is introduced in the path of one of the slits, then effective path in air is increased by an amount (m-1)t due to introduction of plate.

Therefore, the zeroth fringe shifts to a new position where the two optical paths are equal. In such case fringe width remains unchanged.

The central fringe is bright or dark depends upon the initial phase difference between the two conherent sources.

 

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