. Calculate the molecular masses of


H2 , O2 , Cl2, CO2, CH4, C2H6, C2H4, NH3, CH3OH.

Best Answer

Answer: The following are the molecular masses:

The molecular mass of H2 – 2 x atoms atomic mass of H = 2 x 1u = 2u

The molecular mass of O2 – 2 x atoms atomic mass of O = 2 x 16u = 32u

The molecular mass of Cl2 – 2 x atoms atomic mass of Cl = 2 x 35.5u = 71u

The molecular mass of CO2 – atomic mass of C + 2 x atomic mass of O = 12 + ( 2×16)u = 44u

The molecular mass of CH4 – atomic mass of C + 4 x atomic mass of H = 12 + ( 4 x 1)u = 16u

The molecular mass of C2H6– 2 x atomic mass of C + 6 x atomic mass of H = (2 x 12) + (6 x 1)u=24+6=30u

The molecular mass of C2H4– 2 x atomic mass of C + 4 x atomic mass of H = (2x 12) + (4 x 1)u=24+4=28u

The molecular mass of NH3– atomic mass of N + 3 x atomic mass of H = (14 +3 x 1)u= 17u

The molecular mass of CH3OH – atomic mass of C + 3x atomic mass of H + atomic mass of O + atomic mass of H = (12 + 3×1+16+1)u=(12+3+17)u = 32u

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