. Define


Define :

(a) Saturated hydrocarbon

(b) Unsaturated hydrocarbon

(c) Catenation

 

Best Answer

Explanation:

(a) Saturated hydrocarbons: Hydrocarbons in which the carbon atoms are linked to each other by single bonds only are known as saturated hydrocarbons.

Examples include ethane (CH3-CH3), butane CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3 etc.

(b) Unsaturated hydrocarbons: Hydrocarbons in which the carbon atoms are linked to each other by double (C=C) or triple C=C bonds are known as unsaturated hydrocarbons.

Examples include ethene (H2C=CH2), propyne (HC≡ CH-CH3) etc.

(c) Catenation is the linkage of atoms of the same element into longer chains.

Final answer:

(a) Saturated hydrocarbons: Hydrocarbons in which the carbon atoms are linked to each other by single bonds only are known as saturated hydrocarbons.

(b) Unsaturated hydrocarbons: Hydrocarbons in which the carbon atoms are linked to each other by double (C=C) or triple (C≡ C)bonds are known as unsaturated hydrocarbons.

(c) Catenation is the linkage of atoms of the same element into longer chains. 

 

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