. Define or explain the terms (a) Vapour density


Define or explain the terms (a) Vapour density

(b) Molar volume

(c) Relative atomic mass

(d) Relative molecular mass

(e) Avogadro's number

(f) Gram atom

(g) Mole

 

Best Answer

(a) The vapour density is the ratio between the masses of equal volumes of gas and hydrogen under the conditions of standard temperature and pressure.

(b) Molar volume is the volume occupied by one mole of the gas at STP. It is equal to 22.4 dm3.

(c) The relative atomic mass of an element is the number of times one atom of the element is heavier than 1/12 times of the mass of an atom of carbon-12.

(d) The relative molecular mass of an compound is the number that represents how many times one moleculae of the substance is heavier than 1/12 of the mass of an atom of carbon-12.

(e) The number of atoms present in 12g (gram atomic mass) of C-12 isotope, i.e. 6.023 x1023 atoms.

(f) The quantity of the element which weighs equal to its gram atomic mass is called one gram atom of that element.

(g) Mole is the amount of a substance containing elementary particles like atoms, molecules or ions in 12 g of carbon-12.

 

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