. Described the new method of mass agitation started by Gandhiji

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Ans: i. In South Africa, Gandhiji had successfully fought the racist regime with a unique method of mass agitation called satyagraha

ii. Satyagraha emphasized the power of truth and the need to search for truth. It suggested that if the cause was true, if the struggle was against injustice, then physical force was not necessary to fight the oppressor

iii. A satyagrahi could win the battle through non-violence. This could be done by appealing to the conscience of the oppressor. By this struggle, truth was bound to ultimately triumph. Mahatma Gandhi believed that this new dharma of non-violence could unite all Indians

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