. Determine the two types of the IUPAC name of any organic compound
The IUPAC name of any organic compound essentially consists of two parts:
- Primary Suffix
1. Word Root : It is the basic unit of the name. It denotes the number of carbon atoms present in the principal chain of the molecule. Chain containing one to four carbon atoms are known by special word roots (based upon the common names of alkanes) while chains from C5 onwards are known by Greek number roots.
|Chain Length||Word Root||Chain Length||Word Root||Chain Length||Word Root|
2. Primary suffix: A primary suffix is always added to the word root to indicate whether carbon chain is saturated or unsaturated.
|Nature of Group||Primary Suffix||Generic Name|
|Alkane - one hydrogen atom||-yl||Alkyl|
|Alkene - one hydrogen atom||-enyl||Alkenyl|
|Alkyne - one hydrogen atom||-ynl||Alkynyl|