. Explain how the print culture assisted in the growth of nationalism in India
Ans: Print culture assisted in the growth of nationalism in India in the following ways:
i. By the end of the 19th century, a large number of newspapers in Indian vernacular languages were published, making it easier to circumvent the language barriers among the various ethnic groups of Indians.
ii. These newspapers published articles written by national leaders. Their ideas were communicated to the masses through these newspapers.
iii. The people of different communities and places were thus connected by print media. Newspapers conveyed news from one place to another, creating a pan-Indian identity.
iv. The nationalist newspapers exposed the colonial misrule and encouraged nationalist activities. As these were written in spoken languages of various regions, the common man could easily understand the content.
For example, when Punjab revolutionaries were deported in 1907, Balagangadhar Tilak wrote articles sympathising with them. He was arrested which provoked protest among masses.
Thus it is clear that print culture assisted the growth of nationalism in India.
- Why did some people fear the effect of easily available printed books? Choose one example from Europe and one from India
- Why did some people in the eighteenth century Europe think that culture would bring enlightenment and end despotism
- Gandhi said the fight for Swaraj is a fight for the liberty of speech, liberty of the press, and freedom of association