. Explain the role of pancreas in digestion of various food materials

Best Answer

Explanation :

  • Pancreas is a heterocrine gland located in the abdomen.
  • Pancreas produces various hormones and enzymes which are combinedly known

as pancreatic juice and are involved in digestion and absorption of nutrients.

  • These enzymes, during digestion, break down fats, starches and sugars.
  • The pancreatic enzymes are
  1. Lipase - breakdown of lipids
  2. Protease - breakdown of proteins
  3. Amylase - breakdown of sugars
  • Hormones secreted by pancreas are
  1. Glucagon - It signals the liver and muscle cells to convert the glycogen back to glucose.
  2. Insulin - It regulates the blood sugar level.
  3. Somatostatin -  It helps to regulate blood glucose and salt balance.

Final Answer :

Hence, pancreas produces various enzyme which plays an important role in digestion.


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