. Explain the three major types of Hydrocarbon Groups


Best Answer

1. Acyclic Hydrocarbon Groups : Acyclic hydrocarbon groups are of three types :

a. Alkyl groups : These are univalent groups or radicals obtained by the removal of one hydrogen atom from a molecule of an alkane. The symbol R is often used to represent an alkyl group. The general formula of an alkyl group is C¬nH2n+1.

chain

2. Alkenyl group : Hydrocarbon group containing carbon-carbon double bond is called alkenyl group. Their common names are  also accepted in IUPAC system in most of the cases. Some examples are :

proper

3. Alkynyl group : Hydrocarbon group containing carbon-carbon triple bond may be called an alkynyl group. Their common names are accepted in IUPAC system in most of the cases.

Some examples are :

structure      

 

 

 

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