. maxima and minima definition
Maxima and minima are the peaks and valleys in the curve of a function. There may be any number of maxima and minima for a function. In calculus, we are able to locate the maximum and minimum value of any function without even searching at the graph of the function. Maxima can be the highest point at the curve within the given variety and minima will be the lowest point at the curve.
The combination of maxima and minima is extrema. In the picture given below, we are able to see various peaks and valleys in the graph. At x = a and at x = 0, we get maximum values of the feature, and at x = b and x = c, we get minimum values of the function. All the peaks are the maxima and the valleys are the minima.