. Name the factor which affect the climate and weather of India.

Best Answer

The important factors that affect the climate and weather of India can be identified as following :

(i)Situation : The Indian peninsula is shielded by a continuous mountain wall on the north. On the south, there is the Indian Ocean. This compact physical setting lends India a broad common climatic framework.

(ii)Relief Features : The Himalayas and their extensions act as barriers against the cold winds of Central Asia.

(iii)The Indian peninsula pides the southwest advancing monsoons into two branches – The Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch.

(iv)Surface Winds or Monsoons : The monsoons dominate the climate of India. There is a seasonal reversal of winds throughout the country.

(vii)The onset of easterly air currents over the peninsula in the upper atmosphere helps the outbreak of monsoons.


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