. Rainbow is formed due to which of the following


A: By dispersion of sunlight through water droplets present in the atmosphere

B: By scattering of sunlight through water droplets present in the atmosphere

C: By reflection of sunlight through water droplets present in the atmosphere

D: None of the above

 

Best Answer

Explanation: 

  • When sunlight enters a water droplet present in the atmosphere, it undergoes refraction which causes different wavelengths (colors) of light to separate. 
  • The phenomenon of separation of white light into its constituent colors when undergoing refraction is known as dispersion.

Final answer: 

Rainbow is formed due to dispersion of sunlight through water droplets present in the atmosphere.

 

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