. State differences between acids and bases


Best Answer

Explanation:

Acids

  1. Acids are those substances which gives H+ ions in the solutions.
  2. Acids are sour in taste.
  3. Their pH value is less than 7.
  4. Good conductor of heat and electricity.
  5. Acids liberate hydrogen gas when they react with metals

Examples: Hydrochloric acid, Nitric acid etc.

Bases

  1. Bases are those substances which gives OH- ions in the solutions.
  2. Bases are bitter in taste.
  3. Their pH value is greater than 7.
  4. Good conductor of heat and electricity in aqueous solution.
  5. Bases have a slippery appearance. 

Example: Sodium hydroxide, Baking soda etc.

Final answer: 

Acids and bases can be differentiated by pH having less than 7 pH value are acid and greater than 7 are bases.

 

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