. State the condition when the work done by a force is (i) positive, (ii) negative. Explain with the help of examples.


Best Answer

(i) If the displacement of the body is in the direction of force, then work done is positive.

Hence, W = F x S

For example: A coolie does work on the load when he raises it up against the force of gravity. The force exerted by coolie (= mg) and displacement, both are in upward direction.

(ii)If the displacement of the body is in the direction opposite to the force, then work done is negative.

Hence, W = - F x S

For example: When a body moves on a surface, the force of friction between the body and the surface is in direction opposite to the motion of the body and so the work done by the force of friction is negative.

 

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