- Question Answer
- State the meaning of inherited traits and acquired traits. Which of the two is not passed on to the next generation
. State the meaning of inherited traits and acquired traits. Which of the two is not passed on to the next generation
Explain with the help of an example.
Ans. Acquired traits:
(i) A trait of an organism which is not inherited but develops in response to the environment is called an acquired trait.
(ii) The acquired traits of an organism cannot be passed on to the future generation.
Example: If a beetle does not get sufficient food for a considerable time, its weight will be reduced due to starvation. The low weight of this beetle is an acquired trait.
(i) A trait of an organism which is caused by a change in its gene is called an inherited trait.
(ii) Inherited traits can be transmitted to future generations because the changes have occurred in the genes.
Example: If in a group of red beetle a colour variation arises during reproduction so that there is a beetle which is green in colour. This green colour of the beetle is an inherited character which can pass on to the next generation.