. Study the given passage and answer the questions

'Thereafter over more than ten days, he and I debated time and again, and our opinions were diametrically opposed. That is to say, he wished to overthrow the monarchy in order to create a basis for the promotion of popular rights; I, on the contrary, maintained that first the foreign enemy should be driven out, and after our nation's independence was restored we could talk about other things. My plan was to make use of the monarchy, which he opposed absolutely. His plan was to raise up the people to abolish the monarchy, with which I absolutely disagreed. In other words, he and I were pursuing one and the same goal, but our means were considerably different.'

i. Name the two Vietnamese nationalists whose views have been quoted here

ii. Examine the visions of Vietnamese independence and explain one point of similarity in their views

Best Answer

Ans: i. The two Vietnamese natonalists are Phan Boi Chau and Phan Chu Trinh

ii. 1. Visions of Vietnamese independence: Some intellectuals felt that Vietnamese traditions had to be strengthened to resist the domination of the West, while others felt that Vietnam had to learn from the west even while opposing foreign domination

2. These differing visions led to complex debates, which could not be easily resolved

3. One point of similarities between Phan Boi Chau and Phan Chu Trinh was that:

 Both were Confucian Scholar-activists and wanted Vietnamese independence

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