- Question Answer
- The figure given below shows three velocity substrate concentration curves for an enzyme reaction
. The figure given below shows three velocity substrate concentration curves for an enzyme reaction
What do the curves a, b and c depict respectively
(a) a-normal enzyme reaction, b-competitive inhibition, c-onon-competitive inhibition.
(b) a-enzyme with an allosteric modulator added, b-normal enzyme activity, c-competitive inhibition
(c) a-enzyme eith an allosteric stimulator, b-competitive inhibitor added, c-normal enzymes reaction
(d) a-normal enzyme reaction, b-non-competitive inhibitor added, c-allosteric inhibitor added
Answer : (a)
Solution: Enzymes are proteinaceous catalysts that accelerate a chemical reaction.
In the given figure, curve a shows normal enzyme reaction while curve b shows a competitive inhibition reaction in which competitive inhibitors that resemble the substrate molecules, bind to the active site of the enzyme and thus slow down the reaction process whereas curve ‘c’ show non-competitive inhibition reaction in which the inhibitor binds to a part of the enzyme or enzyme substrate complex, other than the active site, known as the allosteric site. This deforms the active site of enzyme. Thus, the enzyme cannot catalyse the reaction.