. What are the following substances? Give one example of each type
What are the following substances? Give one example of each type
(i) Antacid (ii) Nonionic detergents (iii) Antiseptics
(i) Antacids: Chemical substances which removes the excess acid in the stomach & raise the pH to appropriate level, e.g., sodium hydrogen carbonate, a mixture of aluminium and magnesium hydroxide, ranitidine, etc
(ii) Non-ionic Detergents: Non-ionic detergents do not contain any ion in their constitution. One such detergent is formed when stearic acid reacts with polyethylene glycol
(iii) Antiseptics: These are the chemical substances which prevent the growth of micro-organisms and may even kill them but are not harmful to living tissues. Antiseptics are applied to living tissues such as wounds, cuts, ulcers. Dettol, soframicine are antiseptics.