. What is Induced catalyst
When one reaction influences the rate of other reaction, which does not occur under ordinary conditions, the phenomenon is known as induced catalysis.
Examples of induced catalysis:
i. Sodium arsenite solution is not oxidised by air. If, however, air is passed through a mixture of the solution of sodium arsenite and sodium sulphite, both of them undergo simultaneous oxidation. The oxidation of sodium sulphite, thus, induces the oxidation of sodium arsenite.
ii. The reduction of mercuric chloride (HgCl2) with oxalic acid is very slow, but potassium permanganate is reduced readily with oxalic acid. If, however, oxalic acid is added to a mixture of KMnO4 and HgCl2, both are reduced simultaneously. The reduction of potassium permanganate, thus, induces the reduction of HgCl2.