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Explanation and Final Answer:-
Irrigation is defined as the supply of the water in the absence of rainfall with the help of manual or mechanical methods to the crops which is required for the optimum growth and yield.
The two methods which are water saving are Drip irrigation and Sprinklers irrigation.
Water is applied close to the roots of the plants unlike surface and sprinkler irrigation, which involves watering the entire area of the ground. In the drip irrigation method, water is to be given more frequently ( a gap of 1-3 days)
than in the other methods and hence it provides a great moisture level in the soil in which plants can have optimum growth.
Water is well distributed through a system of pipes and cisterns, sprayed thin into air and irrigates in most of the soil types usually, due to its wide range of discharge capacity.