. What is Nuclear Isomers


Best Answer

Nuclear isomers (isomeric nuclei) are the atoms with the same atomic number and same mass number but with different radioactive properties. They have same number of electrons, protons and neutrons. Examples of nuclear isomers is uranium-X (half-life 1.4 min) and uranium-Z (half-life 6.7 hours). Nuclear isomers were discovered by Otto Hahn.

The reason for nuclear isomerism is the different energy states of the two isomeric nuclei. One may be in the ground state whereas the other should be in an excited state. The nucleus in the excited state will evidently have a different half-life.

 

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