. What is the Full Form of DNA and RNA


Best Answer

Ans.

The full form of DNA is “Deoxyribonucleic acid”. The DNA molecule is a heritable material transmitted from generation to generation. It's the largest atom of the living cell composed of several million nucleotide chains. It's in the sequence of nucleotides in polymers that inheritable information carried by chromosomes is begin.
Each nucleotide is composed of three corridor nitrogenous base like purine and the pyrimidine, a sugar (deoxyribose) and a phosphate group. The nitrogen base determines the identity of the nucleotide.

The Full form of RNA is “ Ribonucleic acid (RNA)”. It's a nucleic acid having a structure nearly analogous to that of the DNA patch except one base of uracil rather of thymine. There are three different species of RNA. All these rudiments are essential in the normal functioning of the cell, especially in the conflation of proteins. The RNA patch isn't the information carrier with the exception of a many contagions. In addition, these motes are less stable with respect to the DNA patch. Farther explanations about their structure and functions are given in the following runners.

RNA patch a uracil (not stable) as one of its bases unlike the DNA patch that has the base of Thymine. Therefore, RNA can fluently bend performing in the arrangement of secondary structures. When he gets subcaste, uracil binds to Adenine, which stabilizes the secondary structure.
Ribose sugar in RNA has a maximum number of OH groups on its carbon tittles relative to the DNA patch. This maximum number of OH groups in RNA assists in the consummation of other cellular processes.
DNA and RNA are veritably important ingredients in the living cell. DNA is the usual inheritable material of utmost organisms while RNA is the inheritable material of some contagions.
Utmost of the DNA is in the chromosomes. They're also present in the cytoplasm as in mitochondria and chloroplasts.
Principally, they differ in their chemical structure. Methyl- defended thymine DNA gives redundant stability while RNA has uracil without any defensive group. Therefore, DNA is most suitable as the heritable material as the RNA patch.

Talk to Our counsellor