. What properties of water make it useful as a solvent? What types of compound can it (i) dissolve, and (ii) hydrolyse


Best Answer

Answer: A high value of dielectric constants (78.39 C2/Nm2) and dipole moment make water a universal solvent. Water can dissolve most ionic and covalent compounds. Ionic compounds dissolve in water because of the ion-dipole interaction, whereas covalent compounds undergo hydrogen bonding and dissolve in water. Water can hydrolyze metallic and non-metallic oxides, hydrides, carbides, phosphides, nitrides and various other salts. During hydrolysis, H+ and OH- ions of water interact with the reacting molecule. Some reactions are:

 

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