. What was the status of political parties in Russia before 1914
- All ideological groups were unlawful in Russia before 1914.
- The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party was established in 1898 by communists who regarded Marx's thoughts.
- Notwithstanding, in view of government policing, it needed to work as an unlawful association. It set up a paper, prepared specialists and coordinated strikes.
All political parties were illegal in Russia before 1914.