. Which of the following is not a mineral acid
A: Hydrochloric acid
B: Citric acid
C: Sulphuric acid
D: Nitric acid
- Mineral acid is derived from inorganic substances and dissolved in water to form ions.
HCl + H2O H3O+ + Cl-
(Hydrochloric acid) (Water) (Hydronium ion) (Chloride ion)
H2SO4 + H2O H3O+ + HSO4-
(Sulphuric acid) (Water) (Hydronium ion) (Hydrogen sulfate)
HNO3 + H2O H3O+ + NO3-
(Nitric acid) (Water) (Hydronium ion) (Nitrate)
- Citric acid is an organic acid that doesn’t dissociate in water.
Hence, Option (B) is correct.