. Which of the following persons advocate the Social Contract Theory


of the origin of the State?

A: John Austin

B: Thomas Hobbes

C: Montesquieu

D: Karl Marx

 

Best Answer

Explanation:

  • During a period of theological, political, and social upheaval in England, Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and John Locke (1632-1704) developed their political theories. 
  • Their social contract hypothesis is essentially a morally justifiable agreement between individuals. 
  • They say that by signing this pact, an organised society will emerge.

Final answer:

Hence, the correct answer is option B, i.e., Thomas Hobbes.

 

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