- Question Answer
- Which one of the following four glands is correctly matched with the accompanying description
. Which one of the following four glands is correctly matched with the accompanying description
(a) Thyroid — Hyperactivity in young Children causes cretinism
(b) Thymus — Starts undergoing Atrophy after puberty
(c) Parathyroid — Secretes parathormone Which promotes move-ment of calcium ions from blood into bones during calcificatioN
d) Pancreas — Delta cells of the Islets of Langerhans secrete a hormone which stimulates glycolysis in liver
Solution ||| Cretinsim : It is the result of hyposecretion of thyroxine from thyroid gland during childhood.
Thymus : Thymus is an endocrine gland which is active in yound ones but gradually becomes inconspicuous after sexual maturity. Like other lymphoid tissue, thymus undergoes atrophy in response to adrenoglucocorticoids.
Parathyroid : Parathormone secreted from parathyroid glands, promotes absorption of calcium from food in the intestine and its reabsorption from nephrons in the kidneys.
Delta cells of pancreas : Delta cells may secrete small amount of gastrin and somatostatin. Which affects gastric juice secretion and inhibition of glucagon and insulin respectively.