. Which one of the following four glands is correctly matched with the accompanying description


(a)  Thyroid       —   Hyperactivity in young Children causes  cretinism

(b) Thymus       —       Starts undergoing Atrophy after puberty

(c)  Parathyroid       —   Secretes parathormone Which promotes move-ment of calcium ions from blood into bones during calcificatioN

d)     Pancreas           —   Delta cells of the Islets of Langerhans secrete a  hormone which stimulates glycolysis in liver

 

 

 

 

Best Answer

Solution ||| Cretinsim : It is the result of hyposecretion of thyroxine from thyroid gland during childhood.

Thymus : Thymus is an endocrine gland which is active in yound ones but gradually becomes inconspicuous after sexual maturity. Like other lymphoid tissue, thymus undergoes atrophy in response to adrenoglucocorticoids.

Parathyroid : Parathormone secreted from parathyroid glands, promotes absorption of calcium from food in the intestine and its reabsorption from nephrons in the kidneys.

Delta cells of pancreas : Delta cells may secrete small amount of gastrin and somatostatin. Which affects gastric juice secretion and inhibition of glucagon and insulin respectively.

 

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