. Which one of the following is a matching pair of a certain body feature and its value/count in a normal human adult


A. Urea 5-10 mg/100 mL of blood

B. Blood sugar (fasting)- 70-100 mg/100 mL

C. Total blood volume – 5-6

D. ESR in Wintrobe method – 9-15 mm in males and 20-34 mm in females

Best Answer

Solution ||| Blood sugar is glucose, which is converted into glycogen by insulin hormone in the liver and muscles. Usually blood glucose level is about 80-100 mg/100 mL of blood 12 h after a normal meal. After taking carbohydrate rich diet blood sugar level raised. Lasting glucose value of blood is 70-110 mg/dL (decilitre) and post prependial (after breakfast) is 110-140 mg/dl. If it is higher it causes diabetes mellitus (hyperglycemia) and if it is less it causes hyperglycemia. Blood glucose level exceeds 180 mg/100 mL, it starts appearing in urine (glucosuria). About other options 15-40 mg/100 mL urea is present in blood, total blood volume in a healthy person is about 6-7 L and Erythrocytic Sedimentation Rate (ESR) in Wintrobe method is 0-9 mm in males and 0-20 mm in females.

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