. Why are forests considered biodiversity hot spots
List two ways in which an individual can contribute effectively to the management of forests and wildlife
Ans. Due to the presence of a large number of species (of plants and animals) threatened with extinction, forests are said to be 'biodiversity hotspots'. The two ways in which an individual can contribute effectively to the management of forests and wildlife are:
(i) As individuals we can try to cut down the use of products directly obtained from forests such as gum, rubber, wood, paper, etc., thereby protecting against the excessive cutting of trees.
(ii) As individuals we must discourage and protect against the poaching of wild animals for commercial use.