. Why did Gandhiji decided to withdraw the


the 'Non - Cooperation Movement' in February, 1922 ? Explain three reasons.

 

 

Best Answer

Explanation:

  • Satyagrahis, Gandhiji believed, needed to be adequately trained for mass conflicts. 
  • Gandhiji noticed that the Non-Cooperation Movement was becoming increasingly violent in several areas. 
  • As a result, in February 1922, Mahatma Gandhi decided to call a halt to the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Furthermore, Congress's leaders had grown tired of mass protests.

  • Elections in Provincial Councils were established by the Government of India Act of 1919. Some politicians aspired to run for office.
  • They believed that arguing for reforms in the Council and opposing British policy in the Councils was a superior strategy. They also wanted to demonstrate that the Councils were not democratically elected.
  • Within the Congress, Motilal Nehru and C.R. Das founded the Swaraj Party to fight for a return to council politics.

Non-Cooperation Movement – Slowing Down of Movement in Cities

  • The Non-Cooperation Movement began to slacken in cities due to a variety of factors. The following are the reasons:
  • There were no viable Indian institutions to replace the British institutions, for the most part.
  • As a result, lawyers returned to the Government courts.
  • Teachers and students were returning to public institutions and schools.
  • Poor people couldn't purchase Khadi clothing since it was so much more expensive than mass-produced mill cloth. As a result, individuals could no longer afford to boycott mill cloth for an extended period of time.

Important Facts About the Non-Cooperation Movement

  • Gandhiji thought that British dominion in India was founded and maintained due to Indian cooperation. If the Indians did not cooperate, he feared British rule would crumble and Swaraj would come.
  • In January 1921, the Non-Cooperation-Khilafat Movement began. The Non-Cooperation Movement drew members from a variety of social groupings, each with their own set of goals. Gandhiji issued the demand for Swaraj, which meant different things to different individuals.
  • With the participation of the Middle Class, the Non-Cooperation Movement began in cities.
  • The council elections were boycotted in most provinces, with the exception of Madras. The Justice Party saw entering the Council as a method to acquire power.
  • Lawyers retired from practise.
  • Teachers and principals have resigned from their positions in schools and institutions.

The Economic Impact of the Non-Cooperation Movement

  • The non-cooperation movement had a significant impact on the economy.
  • Goods from other countries were boycotted. Traders and merchants in several regions refused to deal in foreign items.
  • People started wearing only Indian clothes instead of foreign items, which increased production of Indian textile factories and handlooms.
  • Merchants and dealers in several regions refused to finance international trade.
  • The value of foreign cloth imports fell from Rs 102 crore to Rs 57 crore during 1921 and 1922.
  • Huge bonfires were built to burn foreign clothing.
  • Liquor stores were surrounded by protesters.

Final Answer:

In February 1922, Gandhiji decided to end the 'Non-Cooperation Movement' for the following reasons:

A peaceful mob turned violent and battled with the police in Gorakhpur's Chauri-Chaura in 1922, killing many police officers.

Gandhiji believed that the movement was becoming violent, and that satyagrahis needed to be properly trained before engaging in a mass conflict.

 

 

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