. Write 10 lines on the usefulness of microorganisms in our lives


Best Answer

Answer: Uses of microorganisms are listed below

i. They are helpful in cleaning up of the environment. For example, the organic wastes (vegetable peels, remains of animals, faeces, etc.) are broken down into harmless and usable substances by bacteria.

ii. Curd contains several microorganisms. Of these, the bacterium, Lactobacillus promotes the formation of curd. It multiplies in milk and converts it into curd.

iii. Bacteria are also involved in the making of cheese, pickles and many other food items.

iv. Bacteria and yeast are also helpful for fermentation of rice idlis and dosa batter.

v. Yeast reproduces rapidly and produces carbon dioxide during respiration. Bubbles of the gas fill the dough and increase its volume. This is the basis of the use of yeast in the baking industry for making breads, pastries and cakes.

vi. Microorganisms are used for the large scale production of alcohol, wine and acetic acid (vinegar).

vii. Antibiotics are being produced from bacteria and fungi.

viii. Microorganisms are helpful in producing vaccines against disease-causing agents.

ix. Some bacteria (Fig. 2.7) are able to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere to enrich the soil with nitrogen and increase its fertility.

x. Microorganisms decompose dead organic waste of plants and animals to convert them into simple substances. These substances are again used by other plants and animals. Thus, microorganisms can be used to degrade the harmful and smelly substances and thereby clean up the environment.

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