. Write the two causes of human population explosion. Explain with the help of suitable examples how this explosion can be checked


Best Answer

Ans.There are three main causes of human population explosion:

(i) Decline in death rate from 13.8 per 1,000 in 1985 to 8 per 1,000 in 2001.

 (ii) Increase in longevity.

(iii) Increase in birth rate

The uncontrolled growth of human population causes many socio-economic problems. To, mitigate the various ill-effects of increasing population, there is a need of population control by reducing the birth rate through family planning programs.

(i) By adopting various methods of contraception:

a. Barrier methods-Physical devices such as condoms, diaphragm and cervical caps are -used.

b. Surgical methods

c. Chemical methods-Oral and vaginal pills used by females.

(ii) People in reproductive age group should be educated about the advantages of a small family with the help of mass media like radio, T.V., newspapers, etc. and educational institutions.

(iii) Marriage .age should be increased.

(iv) Social organisations should be involved in family planning programs.

(v) Literacy rate, especially that of females should be increased.

 

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