Defence Research and Development Organization

Defence Research and Development Organisation is the pre-eminent organization under the Department of Defence Research and Development of the Ministry of Defence for the Government of India. It was formed in 1958 when the Technical Development and the Directorate of Technical Development merged with Defence Science Organisation (DSO). It was formed to give a new structure to research and weapon development.

Defence Research and Development Organisation

It is also an important part of UPSC, as it plays a vital role in the country’s defence mechanism. If you’re passionate about the position and the research, you can check out DRDO Recruitment 2022. Today we’ll tell you all about DRDO.

History of DRDO

  • Government of India formed the DRDO in 1958 by combining three organizations:
  • The directorate of Technical Development
  • The Technical Development
  • Defence Science Organization
  • Project Indigo in 1960, was the first project of DRDO which was discontinued without any success.
  • The Sindhu Netra satellite was developed by DRDO and was successfully deployed on February 28, 2021. It was the latest project of DRDO.

Labs of DRDO

Here’s the list of all the laboratories administered by DRDO:

City Labs
Delhi Defence Terrain Research Laboratory (DTRL) Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (INMAS),
Centre for Advanced Semiconductor Technology (ASEMIT) Institute for Systems Studies & Analyses (ISSA)
Centre for Fire, Explosive and Environment Safety (CFEES) Laser Science & Technology Centre (LASTEC)
Defense Scientific Information & Documentation Centre (DESIDOC) Scientific Analysis Group (SAG)
Defense Institute of Physiology & Allied Sciences (DIPAS) Solid State Physics Laboratory (SSPL)
Defense Institute of Psychological Research (DIPR)  
Hyderabad Advanced Numerical Research & Analysis Group (ANURAG) Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL)
Defence Electronics Research Laboratory (DLRL) Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL)
Research Centre Imarat (RCI)  
Chandigarh Snow & Avalanche Study Estt (SASE) Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory (TBRL)
Bangalore Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) Defence Avionics Research Establishment (DARE)
Centre For Airborne System (CABS) Defence Bioengineering & Electromedical Laboratory (DEBEL)
Centre for Artificial Intelligence & Robotics (CAIR) Electronics & Radar Development Establishment (LRDE)
Centre for Military Airworthiness & Certification (CEMILAC) Microwave Tube Research & Development Centre (MTRDC)
Bangalore Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE)  
Pune Armament Research & Development Establishment (ARDE) High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL)
Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (DIAT) Research & Development Establishment (ARDE)
Dehradun Instruments Research & Development Establishment (IRDE) Defence Electronics Application Laboratory (DEAL)
Agra Aerial Delivery Research and Development Establishment (ADRDE)  
Nasik Advanced Centre for Energetic Materials (ACEM)  
Chennai Combat Vehicles Research & Development Establishment (CVRDE)  
Mysore Defence Food Research Laboratory (DFRL)  
Haldwani Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER)  
Leh Ladakh Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR)  
Jodhpur Defence Laboratory (DLJ)  
Kanpur Defence Materials and Stores Research and Development Establishment (DMSRDE)  
Gwalior Defence Research & Development Establishment (DRDE)  
Tezpur Defence Research Laboratory (DRL)  
Mussoorie Institute of Technology Management (ITM)  
Ambernath Naval Materials Research Laboratory (NMRL)  
Cochin Naval Physical Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL)  
Visakhapatnam Naval Science & Technological Laboratory (NSTL)  
Balasore Proof & Experimental Establishment (PXE) Integrated Test Range (ITR)
Ahmednagar Vehicle Research & Development Establishment (VRDE)  


  • The Pune-based R&D Lab of DRDO has made a smart robust robot to handle the land mines and IEDs for the Indian Armed Forces so that it can help them out in hostile situations as well.
  • The machine can operate on its own without anyone’s help and has an in-built program that guides the mechanical system.
  • It creates a 3-dimensional image before it handles them.
  • It can see, understand and picks up any kind of suspicious thing and send them to the designated location.
  • With the help of the new changes, it can also dig out the ground for the IEDs and diffuse them on the spot.

DRDO Recruitment

DRDO Recruitment 2022, has invited applications for the Scientist B position. The application was put on July 6, 2022, and the last date will be July 29, 2022. The basic eligibility of the student is they must be a graduate engineer or a postgraduate from science. There are a total of 630 positions available in the Department of Science and Technology and in the Aeronautical Development Agency. Candidates can visit their official website for more updates.

Here’s the list of vacancies for DRDO Recruitment 2022

Essential Qualification Number of Apprentices
ITI in Fitter 25 Posts
ITI in Electronic Mechanic 20 Posts
ITI in Electrician 15 Posts
ITI in Computer Operator and Programming Assistant (COPA) 10 Posts
ITI in Turner 10 Posts
ITI in Machinist 5 Posts
ITI in Welder 5 Posts

DRDO Application Form

You can access the DRDO Recruitment 2022 application form on their official website. There’ll be no application fee for SC/ST/PWD/Female candidates and the application fee for General/OBC candidates will be Rs. 100. You can register in the online mode only. The registration fees should be paid through Debit/Credit card/ Net banking. Students must ensure that they qualify the eligibility criteria before applying for the examination.

Candidates have to be cautious while applying for the examination. The details and image must be clear and in the correct format. You must re-check all the details before submitting, as you’ll not be able to change the details later on. The last date is near, so make sure you apply beforehand to avoid any kind of chaos.

Documents Required While Filling the Application

While filling out the form, students must have these documents with themselves. They need to fill out their personal details, contact information, and other academic information as well. For that, they need to prepare several documents for their reference. Here’s the list of all the documents required while filling out the application.

  • Class 10 mark sheet
  • Class 10 certificate
  • Class 12 mark sheet
  • Class 12 certificate
  • Graduation mark sheet
  • Graduation certificate
  • Adhar card or any other photo id proof
  • Caste certificate (if applicable)

DRDO Eligibility Criteria

For Senior Technical Assistant under DRDO

Candidates must have a Science degree or 3-year diploma in Science/Engineering/Technology/Computer Science or any other allied subject which is required from a recognized university or college. The final year student of the degree or diploma can also apply for the DRDO Recruitment 2022.

For Technician ‘A’ under DRDO

  • Candidates must complete a class or equivalent from a recognized board.
  • The students should also possess a certificate from an Industrial Training Institution.
  • If they don’t have a certificate from ITI, they can also get one from a recognized institution/ NTC/ NAC.

Age Limit

The age limit for the candidates to appear for the DRDO is:

  • For the General/EWS Category the maximum age limit would be 28 years
  • For OBC Category the age limit would be 31 years.
  • For SC/ST Category the age limit would be 33 years.

Note: The students who’ve qualified GATE Examination in the year of 2017/2018/2019 will also be eligible to apply for the position.

DRDO Admit Card

Candidates can download the admit card from their official website. For downloading the admit card students need to fill out several information such as Application number, security pin, and date of birth. With this information, you can download the admit card for the examination which you need to carry while going for the examination.

DRDO Exam Centers

DRDO Recruitment examination is conducted in more than 45 cities across India. Students can select the exam center of their choice while filling out the application form. Here’s the list of all the examination centers for student reference:

Exam Centres
Agra Hyderabad Nasik
Ahmedabad Imphal Panaji
Balasore Itanagar Patna
Bengaluru Jabalpur Port Blair
Bhopal Jaipur Prayagraj
Bhubaneswar Jammu Pune
Chandigarh Jodhpur Raipur
Chennai Kanpur Ranchi
Coimbatore Kochi Siliguri
Chennai Kolhapur Thiruvananthapuram
Dehradun Kolkata Varanasi
Delhi/NCR Lucknow Vijaywada
Gorakhpur Mumbai Visakhapatnam
Guwahati Mysore  
Gwalior Nagpur  

DRDO Exam Pattern

DRDO Recruitment test will be conducted offline, and will be a Pen& Paper-based test for both of the exams. For every correct answer, the student will be awarded 2 marks and for every wrong answer, 0.5 marks will be deducted. The duration of the exam will be 3 hours. There’ll be two sections in the examination: Section A will contain 100 questions that carry 400 marks, and Section B contains 50 questions that carry 100 marks. The students who cleared both of the examinations will be called for the Personal Interview.

Exam Syllabus

DRDO Syllabus for Junior Fellows is different from the departmental exams. Here’s the syllabus for the DRDO Examination:

Computer Science and Engineering

  • Compiler Design
  • Programming and Data Structures Algorithms
  • Databases
  • Theory of Computation
  • Computer Networks
  • Digital Logic
  • Computer Organization and Architecture

Chemical Engineering

  • Instrumentation and Process Control
  • Plant Design and Economics
  • Heat Transfer
  • Chemical Technology
  • Process Calculations and Thermodynamics
  • Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations
  • Mass Transfer
  • Chemical Reaction Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

  • Vibrations
  • Forming
  • Joining
  • Machining and Machine Tool Operations
  • Metrology and Inspection
  • Design
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Heat-Transfer
  • Thermodynamics
  • Applications
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Strength of Materials
  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing
  • Production Planning and Control: Inventory Control
  • Operations Research
  • Theory of Machines
  • Engineering Materials
  • Metal Casting

Electronic and Communication Engineering

  • Control Systems
  • Communications
  • Analog Circuits
  • Electromagnetics
  • Networks
  • Digital Circuits
  • Signals and Systems
  • Electronic Devices

Instrumental Engineering (IE)

  • Digital Electronics
  • Signals, Systems, and Communications
  • Basics of Circuits and Measurement Systems
  • Control Systems and Process Control
  • Analytical, Optical, and Biomedical Instrumentation
  • Analog Electronics
  • Transducers, Mechanical Measurement and Industrial Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Measurements

Electrical Engineering

  • Power Systems
  • Control Systems
  • Power Electronics and Drives
  • Electrical Machines
  • Electric Circuits and Fields
  • Signals and Systems
  • Electrical and Electronic Measurements

Exam Results

The results will be announced on the official website of DRDO. On the website, you can also get the answer keys to check the errors To check out the results kindly follow the steps given below:

  • Step 1: Visit the official website of DRDO
  • Step 2: Log in with the credentials provided at the time of registration
  • Step 3: Click on the result link in the notification section
  • Step 4: The result will be displayed on the screen
  • Step 5: Download the result for the future reference


DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization) has an aim to make a strong security base for the country. Currently, DRDO has more than 50 labs in which they carry out their work for technical security devices. They want to provide the country with top-class technical solutions. So, now we hope that you’ve clearly understood the concepts of DRDO.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

Q1. Are the research carried out by the DRDO passes the International Standard?

Ans. It not only carries out the research but also provides technical solutions for the security of the country as well. For that, they need to pass all the International Standards.

Q2. What are the challenges faced by the DRDO?

Ans. There’re several issues that are faced by the DRDO. Some of them are lack of money, support of the government towards the ISRO, and the lack of manpower. These are considered to be the major issues or we can say challenges faced by the DRDO.

Q3. How does DRDO helps the Indian Military?

Ans.  Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) helps the nation get ahead in the field of technology and science. They make technical equipment that helps the Indian Military in various ways. From diffusing the bombs to saving people’s lives. DRDO has made several defence mechanism tools to help the nation in one way or another.

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