CDS Syllabus, Complete Subject Wise UPSC CDS Syllabus PDF

Jul 25, 2023, 16:45 IST

CDS Syllabus: Ensure you review the comprehensive subject-wise syllabus for English, General Knowledge, and Mathematics. Access the complete CDS exam syllabus PDF for download at this location.

Civil Defense Service Examination is one of the highly competitive examinations in India and hence candidates show high dedication towards the preparation and their religious will to get selected in every round.

It is important to understand that the CDS Examination consists of two stages: the written examination and the interview round. To be selected, candidates must successfully pass both stages. Only those candidates who clear the objective-based written examination will be eligible to proceed to the interview round.

CDS Syllabus Overview

CDS Syllabus: The UPSC conducts the CDS exam biannually to select candidates for various Indian Defense Services, including the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, and Officers' Training Academy. The UPSC releases the CDS Syllabus along with the CDS 2 2023 Notification PDF on its official website, typically around May 17, 2023.

The CDS Syllabus for 2023 includes English, General Knowledge, and Elementary Mathematics for admission to the Indian Naval Academy, Indian Military Academy, and Air Force Academy. However, the syllabus for admission to the Officers' Training Academy focuses solely on English and General Knowledge subjects. For a comprehensive understanding of the specific topics covered in each subject, please refer to the accompanying article.

CDS Syllabus 2023 PDF

CDS Syllabus 2023 PDF: Having a comprehensive understanding of the CDS Exam syllabus is crucial for candidates as it enables them to develop a clear vision and effective action plan for their exam preparation. It is important to note that only those who pass the written test are eligible for the SSB Interview stage.

This article aims to assist applicants in gaining a thorough understanding of the curriculum, bringing them closer to achieving their goals. The CDS Syllabus in PDF format is available for download, covering subjects such as General Knowledge, English, and Mathematics.

Download CDS Syllabus  PDF ( Inactive)

CDS Exam 2023 Overview

Candidates aspiring to join the Defense Forces through the CDS examination are likely seeking information about the exam pattern, marking schemes, number of questions, and other relevant details. While the CDS syllabus has undergone minor changes, it is important to be familiar with the exam pattern and syllabus. This article presents comprehensive information on the CDS Exam Pattern 2023 and a detailed CDS Syllabus to assist candidates in their preparation.

Name of the Exam Combined Defence Forces (CDS)
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Exam Conducted in A Year Twice a Year
Mode of Examination Offline
Type of Questions Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Medium Hindi or English
Number of Questions
  • IMA/INA/AFA – 300
  • OTA – 200
Time Duration 2 hours for each paper
Negative Marking Yes (1/3rd deducted for every wrong answer)

Also, Check CDS Eligibility Criteria 2023

CDS Syllabus

In order to achieve high scores in the esteemed CDS 2 2023 examination, it is essential for aspirants to have a thorough understanding of the CDS Syllabus. The CDS 2 2023 exam serves as a direct gateway for individuals aspiring to join the Indian Armed Forces. Presented here is a comprehensive overview of the CDS Exam Syllabus, providing detailed information for candidates preparing for the exam.

CDS Syllabus for English

CDS Syllabus English : In order to enhance their performance in this section, candidates are advised to cultivate a habit of daily newspaper reading. They should identify challenging words and seek their meanings, thereby improving both their vocabulary and comprehension of passages. This section aims to evaluate candidates' proficiency in English and their capacity to employ language effectively and professionally.

CDS English Syllabus 2023
  • Reading Comprehension Questions.
  • Spotting the Error Questions.
  • Fill in the Blanks Questions.
  • Synonyms & Antonyms Questions.
  • Idioms and Phrases Questions.
  • Sentence Arrangement or Jumbled Questions.
  • Ordering of words in Sentence Questions.
  • Sentence Improvement or Sentence Correction Questions

CDS Syllabus for Mathematics

CDS Syllabus Mathematics: The CDS Elementary Mathematics syllabus encompasses topics such as arithmetic, trigonometry, geometry, measurements, statistics, and more. To enhance preparation and achieve favorable outcomes in this paper, consistent practice and dedicated efforts are necessary. It is important for applicants to maintain both accuracy and speed in order to answer the questions within the allotted time frame. For a comprehensive understanding of the syllabus, referring to the provided table for the mathematics syllabus of the CDS 2 2023 exam is recommended.

CDS Maths Syllabus
Arithmetic Number System
  • Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers.
  • Fundamental operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions.
  • Unitary method, time and work, time and distance, percentages.
  • Applications of profit and loss, simple and compound interest, ratio and proportion, variation.
Elementary Number Theory
  • Division algorithm.
  • Prime and composite numbers.
  • Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11.
  • Multiples and factors.
  • Factorisation Theorem.
  • H.C.F. and L.C.M.
  • Euclidean algorithm.
  • Logarithms to base 10, use of logarithmic tables, laws of logarithms.
  • Basic operations and Simple factors,
  • Remainder Theorem.
  • H.C.F. and L.C.M.
  • Theory of polynomials, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered), solutions of quadratic equations.
  • Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns — analytical & graphical solutions.
  • Simultaneous linear inequalities in two variables & their solutions.
  • Practical issues with solutions that result in two simultaneous linear equations, inequalities in two variables, or quadratic equations in one variable.
  • Set notation and set language.
  • Rational expressions and conditional identities.
  • Laws of indices.
  • Sine x, cosine x, Tan x when 0° < x < 90° , Values of sin x, cos x & tan x, for x = 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° & 90°.
  • Simple trigonometric identities.
  • Use of trigonometric tables.
  • Simple cases of heights and distances.
Geometry Plane and plane figures, Lines and angles, Theorems on:
  • Properties of angles at a point
  • Parallel lines
  • Sides and angles of a triangle
  • Congruence of triangles
  • Similar triangles
  • Concurrence of medians and altitudes
  • Properties of sides, angles and diagonals of a rectangle, parallelogram and square
  • Circles and their properties including tangents and normals
  • Loci
  • Areas of parallelograms, squares, rectangles, triangles and circles.
  • Areas of figures can be split up into these figures (Field Book), lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, Surface area and volume of cuboids, and surface area and volume of spheres.
  • Collection and tabulation of statistical data.
  • Graphical representation of frequency polygons, bar charts, histograms, pie charts etc.
  • Measures of central tendency.

Also, Check CDS Admit Card 2023

CDS Syllabus for General Knowledge

CDS Syllabus General Knowledge: General knowledge encompasses staying updated with current affairs and having a broad understanding of everyday observations and experiences, including a scientific aspect, which is expected from an educated individual who hasn't specialized in any scientific field. Furthermore, the examination will include questions related to geography and Indian history, which any competent candidate should be able to answer without requiring additional study.

CDS General Knowledge Syllabus
  • Indian History
  • Political Science
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Environment
  • General Science – Physics, Chemistry, Biology
  • Current Affairs– National & International Awards, Summits, Sports, Conference; Books & Authors etc.
  • Defence Related Questions – Army, Navy, Air Force

The CDS General Knowledge Syllabus, as outlined on the UPSC website, includes the following topics:

CDS Syllabus for OTA

For the OTA Examination, the CDS Syllabus specifically consists of two subjects: General Knowledge and English. The topics and subtopics within these subjects are the same as those included in the syllabus for the INA, IMA, and AFA. The only difference is that the syllabus for OTA excludes mathematics.

CDS Exam Syllabus FAQs

Q1. What are the subjects for CDS Examination?

Ans. For the Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), and Indian Air Force Academy (AFA) Examination the subjects are General Knowledge, Mathematics, and English. For Officers Training Academy (OTA), the subjects are just General Knowledge and English.

Q2. Who can apply for the CDS Exam 2023?

Ans. Candidates that are graduated from any recognized university can apply for CDS Examination, the conditions other than graduation include the age limit for that particular position. The course specifications are as follows:

  • For Indian Military Academy - Degree of a recognized university or equivalent is required.
  • For Air Force Academy - Degree of a recognized University with Physics & Mathematics at 10+2 or Bachelor of Engg. is required.
  • For Officer Training Academy - Degree of a recognized university or equivalent is required.
  • ForNaval Academy - Bachelor of Engineering is required.

Q3. What is the age limit to apply for the CDS Examination?

Ans. UPSC prescribed an age limit for a candidate to apply for CDS Examination i.e., 19 to 24 years for the Indian Military Academy (IMA) and Indian Naval Academy (INA) application, 20 to 24 years for the Indian Air Force Academy (AFA) application, and 19 to 25 years for Officers Training Academy (OTA).

Q4. How many attempts are allowed for CDS?

Ans. There is no number of maximum attempts that are specified by UPSC, CDS. Although there is an age limit given by the officials that are 19 to 24 years for INA and IMA, 20 to 25 years for AFA, and 19 to 25 years for OTA, one can give as many attempts as possible between these age groups.

Q5. What level of mathematics questions are asked in the CDS exam?

Ans. The mathematics questions asked for CDS Examination are elementary level i.e., up to class 10th standard questions.

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