Railways

Lifeline Of National Economy of Class 10

Railways are the principal mode of transportation for freight and passengers in India. Railways also make it possible to conduct multifarious activities like business, sightseeing, and pilgrimage along with transportation of goods over longer distances.

Railways

Indian Railway

Apart from an important means of transport the Indian Railways have been a great integrating force for more than 150 years. Railways in India bind the economic life of the country as well as accelerate the development of the industry and agriculture.

RAIL NETWORK:

The Indian Railway have a network of 7, 031 stations spread over a route length of 0pt, 221 km. with a fleet of 7817 locomotives, 5321 passenger service vehicles, 4904 other coach vehicles and 228, 170 wagons as on 31.

RAIL GAUGE AND LENGTH OF ROUTES IN INDIA:

Gauge in Meters

Broad Gauge 1.676

Route (km)

46807

Running Track (km) 6670pt

Total Track (km)

880pt7

Metre Gauge 1

13209

13976

16489

Narrow Gauge 0.762 & 0.610

3124

3129

3450

DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAYS:
The Indian Railway is now reorganised into 16 zones. The distribution pattern of the Railway network in the country has been largely influenced by physiographic, economic and administrative factors.
The northern plains with their vast level land, high population density and rich agricultural resources provided the most favourable condition for their growth. However, a large number of rivers requiring construction of bridges across their wide beds posed some obstacles. In the hilly terrains of the peninsular region, railway tracts are laid through low hills, gaps or tunnels. The Himalayan mountainous regions too are unfavourable for the construction of railway lines due to high relief, sparse population and lack of economic opportunities. Likewise, it was difficult to lay railway lines on the sandy plain of western Rajasthan, swamps of Gujarat, forested tracks of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Jharkhand. The contiguous stretch of Sahyadri could be crossed only through gaps or passes (Ghats). In recent times, the development of the Konkan railway along the west coast has facilitated the movement of passengers and goods in this most important economic region of India.

PROBLEMS OF INDIAN RAILWAYS:

  • Today, the railways have become more important in our national economy than all other means of transport put together.
  • However, rail transport suffers from certain problems as will.
  • Many passengers travel without tickets. Thefts and damaging of railway property has not yet stopped completely.
  • People stop the trains, pull the chain unnecessarily and this causes heavy damage to the railway.
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