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Important Terms

Struggles And Movement Front of Class 10

Maoists: Those communists who believe in the ideology of Mao, the leader of the Chinese Revolution. They seek to overthrow the government through an armed revolution so as to establish the rule of the peasants and workers.

Organization: A systematic arrangement of people who work collectively to achieve certain objectives for common benefit. The term institution is very much synonymous to organisation such as Churches, business enterprises and government departments.

MNC: Multi-National Company: i.e., a company held by a different nation. This term signifies privatization.

SPA: It is Seven Party Alliance of Nepal formed for the struggle for democracy. This alliance includeds some big parties that have some members in the Parliament.

Public Opinion: Opinion of the people of a country on an issue of national importance. It is mostly an aggregated, organised and considered opinion of a section or sections of people on an issue of public concern. It is neither a private opinion and nor an expert opinion.

FEDECOR: An organisation of Bolivia comprising local professionals, including engineers and environmentalists. The organisation was formed to protest against water privatisation in Bolivia.

Interest Groups: Interest group is a group of persons formed to promote a specific goal/interest. This group represents the social, economic and political interests of a particular segment of the polity. An Interest group has common aims and tries to get them fulfilled through different means and not by capturing power.

Pressure Group: Pressure Group is an organised aggregate group, which seeks to influence the government’s decision making without attempting to place their members in formal governmental capacity. A pressure group uses extra-constitutional measures to influence and coerce the government.

Movement: The struggle in order to achieve certain aims like democracy, is known as Movement. It aims at many forms of collective action. Movement mostly attempts to influence the politics rather than directly take part in electoral process.

Polarisation: Alignment of voters/forces i.e., political forces along distinct ideological lines.

Sectional Interest Groups: The interest groups which seek to promote the interest of a particular section or group of society are known as the Sectional Interest Group. Trade Unions, Business Associations and Professional bodies are some examples of this type.

Public Interest Groups: The groups which seek to promote the interest of the general people rather than a particular section are termed as “Public Interest Groups”. They are also called promotional groups because they promote collective rather than selective good.

BAMCEF: If is a short form of Backward and Minorities Community Employees Federation. It is an organisation largely made up of government employees that campaigns against caste discrimination. Its principal concern is social justice and social equality for the entire society.

Movement Groups: Groups involved with movements are called “Movement Groups”. They include a very wide variety-movement groups which are both specific and general in order and strive to achieve desired goals.

NAPM: It is an organisation of organisations which stands for National Alliance for People’s Movements. This organisation coordinates the activities of a large number of People’s Movements in our country.

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