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Analogy

Analogy of Class 10

Analogy means `Similarity'. A particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided.

KINDS OF RELATIONSHIP

STUDY & TOPIC RELATIONSHIP:

1. Botany : Study of Plants 2. Zoology: Animals

3. Seismology: Earthquakes 4. Astrology : Future

5. Pathology : Diseases 6. Cardiology: Heart

7. Astronomy : Planets 8. Tectonics : Building

9. Taxidermy: Stuffing (Animals) 10. Penology : Punishment

11. Cytology : Cells 12. Geology: Earth

13. Archaeology :Artifacts 14. Ecology: Environment

15. Anthology: Collection of Poems 16. Trigonometry :Triangles

17. Mensuration : Area 18. Ornithology : Birds

19. Onomatology : Names

20. Ontology: Reality (Anthropology: Man)

21. Ethnology: Human Races 22. Herpetology : Amphibians

23. Paleography: Writings 24. Ichthyology : Fish (es)

25. Semantics: Language 26. Nephrology : Kidney

27. Concology : Shells 28. Hematology: Blood

29. Mycology : Fungi 30. Oology : Eggs

31. Virology : Viruses 32. Craniology : Skill

33. Entomology : Insects 33. Occultism : Supernatural

34. Malacology : Molluscs 35. Paleontology : Fossils

36. Pedology : Soil 37. Taxonomy: Classification

38. Orography : Mountains 39. Selenography: Moon

40. Eccrinology : Secretions 41. Histology : Tissues

42. Nidology : Nests 43. Phycology : Algae

44. Bryology : Bryophytes

WORKER & TOOL RELATIONSHIP :

e.g. Laborer: Spade

Spade is a tool used by a Laborers.

Some more examples-

1. Carpenter : Saw 2. Wood cutter: Axe

3. Blacksmith : Anvil 4. Soldier : Gun

5. Tailor : Needle 6. Chef : Knife

7. Farmer : Plough 6. Author : Pen

9. Warrior : Sword 10. Sculptor : Chisel

11. Mason : Plumb line 12. Doctor : Stethoscope

13. Gardener : Harrow 14. Surgeon : Scalpel

15. Cobbler : Awl 16. Lumberjack : Axe

17. Painter : Brush 18. Violinist : Bow

19. Barber : Scissors 20. Butcher : Chopper

21. Astronomer: Telescope 22. Jockey : Tack

TOOL & ACTION RELATIONSHIP:

e.g. Needle: Saw

A needle is used for sewing.

1. Knife : Cut 2. Gun : Short

3. Pen : Write 4. Microscope: Magnify

5. Spanner: Grip 6. Sword : Slaughter

7. Filter : Purity 8. Spade: Dig

9. Mattock : Dig 10. Steering: Drive

11. Spoon: Feed 12. Chisel: Carve

13. Axe : Grind 14. Shield : Guard

15. Loudspeaker: Amplify 16. Auger: Bore

17. Oar: Row 18. Shovel : Scoop

WORKER AND WORKING PLACE:

e.g. Chef : Kitchen

Chef works in a kitchen

1. Farmer: Field 2. Warrior: Battle field

3. Engineer : Site 4. Sailor: Ship

5. Pilot : Cockpit 6. Beautician : Parlor

7. Actor : Stage 8. Mechanic : Garage

9. Lawyer : Court 10. Scientist : Laboratory

11. Waiter : Restaurant 12. Gambler : Casino

13. Servant : House 14. Worker : Factory

15. Umpire : Pitch 16. Teacher : School

17. Artist : Theatre 18. Doctor : Hospital

19. Clerk : Office 20. Driver : Cabin

21. Painter : Gallery 22. Grocer : Shop

WORKER & PRODUCT:

e.g. Poet: Poem

Poet writes poem :

e.g. Chef : Food

Chef makes food.

1. Farmer: Crop 2. Author: Book

3. Gold Smith : Ornaments 4. Cobbler: Shoes

5. Editor : Newspaper 6. Hunter : Prey

7. Carpenter : Meat 8. Butcher : Meat

9. Judge : Justice 10. Producer: Film

11. Architect : Design 12. Tailor: Clothes

13. Dramatist : Play 14. Choreographer: Ballet

15. Teacher : Educations 16. Mason: Wall

PRODUCT AND RAW MATERIAL :

e.g. Cloth : Fibre (Cloth is made of Fibre)

1. Paper : Pulp 2. Book : Paper

3. Jewellery : Gold 4. Oil : Seed

5. Road : Asphalt 6. Sack : Jute

7. Metal : Ore 8. Fabric : Yarn

9. Pullover : Wool 10. Furniture : Wood

11. Butter : Milk 12. Wine : Grapes

13. Omelette : Egg 14. Rubber : Latex

15. Wall : Brick 16. Shoes : Leather

17. Prism : Glass 18. Linen : Flax

19. Jaggery : Sugarcane

INSTRUMENT & MEASUREMENT :

e.g. Ammeter: Current

1. Scale : Length Scale is an Instruments used to measure length.

2. Balance : Mass

3. Thermometer : Temperature

4. Odometer : Speed

. 5. Hygrometer : Humidity

6. Screw gauge : Thickness

7. Seismograph : Earthquake

8. Anemometer : Wind vane

9. Taseometer : Strains

10. Raingauge : Rain

11. Barometer : Pressure

12. Sphygmomanometer : Blood Pressure

QUANTITY & UNIT :

e.g. Time: Seconds

Seconds is the unit of Time.

1. Force : Newton 2. Length : Meter

3. Energy : Joule 4. Work : Joule

5. Current : Ampere 6. Volume : Litre

7. Power : Watt 8. Potential : Volt

9. Mass : Kilogram 10. Pressure : Pascal

11. Area : Hectare 12. Temperature : Degrees

13. Resistance : Ohm 14. Angle : Radians

15. Magnetic field : Oersted 16. Conductivity : Mho

17. Luminosity : Candela

ANIMAL & YOUNG ONES :

e.g. Dog : Puppy (Puppy is the young one of Dog)

1. Lion : Cub 2. Man : Child

3. Hen : Chicken 4. Sheep : Lamb

5. Cow : Calf 6. Cat : Kitten

7. Duck : Duckling 8. Horse : Pony/Calf

9. Insect : Larva 10. Stallion : Colt

11. Butterfly : Caterpillar 12. Frog : Tadpole

13. Pig : Farrow 14. Tortoise : Turtle

MALE & FEMALE :

e.g. Tiger: Tigress

Tigress is Female tiger

1. Son : Daughter 2. Gentleman : Lady

3. Nephew : Niece 4. Drone : Bee

5. Dog : Bitch 6. Stage : Doe

7. Sorcerer : Sorceress 8. Horse : More

9. Lion : Lioness

WORD & SYNONYM:

e.g. Vacant: Empty (Empty means almost the same as Vacant)

1. Substitute : Replace 2. Blend : Mix

3. House : Home 4. Solicit : Request

5. Flaw : Defect 6. Fierce : Violent

7. Dearth : Scarcity 8. Ban : Prohibition

9. Mend : Repair 10. Assign : Allot

11. Abduct : Kidnap 12. Sedate : Calm

13. Alight : Descend 14. Pressure : Assume

15. Presage : Predict 16. Fallacy : illusion

17. Brim : Edge 18. Dissipate : Squander

19. Haughty : Proud 20. Dissipate : Squander

WORD & ANTONYM:

e.g. Good : Bad

1. Cruel : Kind 2. Best : Worst

3. Sink : Float 4. Strong : Weak

5. Initial : Final 6. Start : End

7. Ignore : Notice 8. Advance : Retreat

9. Create : Destroy 10. Gentle : Harsh

11. Gradual : Abrupt (Sudden) 12. Condense : Expand

13. Deep : Shallow 14. Affirm : Deny

15. Kindle : Extinguish 16. Mourn : Rejoice

17. Cordial : Hostile 18. Chaos : Peace

19. Fresh : Stale 20. Lend : Borrow

WORDS & INTENSITY :

e.g. Quarrel : War

1. Anger : Rage 2. Kindle : Burn

3. Error : Blunder 4. Wish : Desire

5. Sink : Drown 6. Famous : Renowned

7. Unhappy : Sad 8. Crime : Sin

9. Refuse : Deny 10. Moist : Drench

LETTER ANALOGY

In letter analogy questions, the question pair and answer pair consist of letters. You have to examine the question pair and find the relationship between them and choose the answer pair that contains the same analogy or relationship as in the question pair.

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