The Chipko Movement

conservation of plant and animal of Class 8

The Chipko Movement

The first movement against falling of trees was launched by Amrita Devi of village of Khejarili (Jodhpur), 363 relatives and other sacrificed their lives still clasping the trees. Forests are one of the main sources of livelihood in rural India. This is specially true for hilly and mountain areas. The name of the movement comes from the Hindi word chipko which means 'to embrace' or ‘to hug', as the villagers hugged the trees to prevent them from falling by the contractor. Chipko movement took place in the village of Mandal in the upper Alakananda valley of Uttar Pradesh in April 1973. Sunderlal Bahuguna, a Gandhian activist and philosopher, played an important role in success of this movement. Bahuguna gave the Chipko slogan `Ecology is permanent economy'.

Following steps can be taken for the conservation of forests:

  • Conservation of forest is a national problem so it must be tackled with perfect coordination between forest department and other departments.
  • People's participation in the conservation of forests is of vital importance. So, we must get them involved in this national task.
  • The cutting of trees in the forests must be stopped at all costs.
  • Afforestation or special programmes like Van Mahotsava should be launched on grand scale.
  • Celebrations of all functions, festivals should precede with tree-plantation.
  • Cutting of timber and other forest produce should be restricted.
  • Grasslands should be regenerated.
  • Forest conservation Act 1980 should be strictly implemented to check deforestation.
  • Several centres of excellence have been setup and awards should be instituted.
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