Meaning of Constitution

The Indian Constitution of Class 8

The Constitution lays down the basic structure of the government under which its people are to be governed. The Constitution is a fundamental legal document according to which the government of a country functions. A Constitution is superior to all the laws of a country. Every law enacted by the government machinery, has to be in conformity with the Constitution.

Framing of Indian Constitution

The Cabinet Mission came to India in 1945 and discussed the framework for the Constitution and laid down some details of the procedure to be followed by the constitution making body. Elections for the 296 seats assigned to the British-Indian provinces were completed by July-August 1946.

With the independence of India, the Constituent Assembly became a fully sovereign body. The Assembly started working from the ninth-day of December 1946. The Assembly had the benefit of a galaxy of outstanding leaders. Their farsightedness and visionary statesmanship found expression in the Constitution which is the supreme law of the land.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected President of the Constituent Assembly. A Drafting Committee was appointed to drai tthe Constitution. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was appointed the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. The Constituent Assembly met for 166 days spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days. The Constitution was passed by the Assembly on 26 November 1949. It came into being on 26 January 1950.

framing of indian constitution

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