What is the full form of SGPT test

Full Forms


The full form of SGPT is ‘Serum Glutamic Acid Pyruvate Transaminase’, an enzyme normally present in liver and heart cells. When the liver or heart is injured, SGPT is released into the blood. Therefore, blood levels of SGPT are increased by liver or heart damage. Certain drugs can also raise SGPT levels. It is also called alanine aminotransferase (ALT).

Full form of SGPT


  1. SGPT is mainly present in the liver, and when it is overproduced, it flows into the bloodstream. 
  2. The normal range for SGPT is approximately 7-56 units per liter of serum. Therefore, if the SGPT level in the blood is very high, it may be a sign of liver damage or a problem. 
  3. Some diseases, such as cirrhosis and hepatitis, raise serum SGPT levels, as well as certain drugs such as statins used to lower cholesterol and do medications.
  4. Here are some basic symptoms of SGPT- Vomiting, Weakness, Jaundice, Shortness of breath, Fatigue, etc.
  5. If you see any of these warning signs, you should see your doctor right away and have an SGPT blood test to help you determine if your SGPT levels are normal.
  6. Some many conditions and illnesses can increase SGPT levels- Drink alcohol, Diabetes, Heart attack, Obesity, Hepatitis C, etc.
  7. Dietary changes are required to reduce SGPT levels. Your daily diet must contain at least one fruit that contains vitamin D. You can also get vitamin D by just standing in the sun for at least 20 minutes a day. Combine with exercise to help you stay healthy.

What is an SGPT test?

SGPT stands for Serum Glutamic Acid Pyruvic Transaminase. This test is done to measure the amount of glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) in the serum. GPT is an enzyme that is found in heart cells, kidneys, muscles, and the liver. Regular SGPT tests are needed to keep the liver healthy.

Benefits of SGPT test-

  1. First, an SGPT blood test can tell you if you have liver disease or weakness and show your functional status.
  2. The SGPT test helps to understand whether SGPT levels are stable or increasing.
  3. It is made as a classification of liver failure, liver dysfunction, viral hepatitis, yellow, and alcoholism.
  4. If the patient has signs of yellow darkness, dark urine, nausea, vomiting, or pain in the upper right abdomen, a test is done.

How can I reduce SGPT?

Keep an eye out for everything you consume. Increase Vitamin D in the Diet: Vitamin D helps prevent damage to the liver and lowers SGPT levels. Oranges, soy milk, mushrooms, apples, eggs, fortified cereals, tofu, dairy products, and green leafy vegetables are good sources of vitamins.

What foods cause high SGPT?

  1. Avoid Alcohol, it is a major cause of fatty liver disease and other liver diseases.
  2. Avoid sugary foods such as candies, cookies, sodas, and juices.
  3. Fried food. These are high in fat and calories.
  4. salt
  5. White bread, rice, pasta.
  6. Red meat

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