Biotechnology Introduction

Biotechnology is utilizing the sciences of biology, chemistry, physics, engineering and information technology to develop tools and products to apply to living cells/organisms. Genetic Engineering Genetic engineering is the study of knowledge

obtained from genetics to alter the reproduction and hereditary processes of organisms. It deals in cloning, in-vitro fertilization, species hybridization or direct manipulation of the genetic material itself by the recombinant DNA technique.

Plant Tissue Culture Functions in the field of in-vitro regeneration and propagation of plantlets, a Tissue Culture specialist may also be involved in plant germ plasma conservationPlant Genetics Activities to improve plants by evolving new

horticultural varieties through hybridization, this work is generally carried out in the laboratories

Eligibility & Courses of Biotechnology

1. For B. Sc. Courses: Pass in 10+2 with PCM. (Biology)

2. For M. Sc. Courses: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 in Physical,

Biological, Agricultural, Veterinary, Fishery Sciences, Pharmacy,

Engineering, Technology or Medicine (MBBS)

3. For M. Sc. (Agriculture) Biotechnology/M.Sc. Animal Biotechnology:

Bachelor's degree in agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishery, Veterinary

Sciences or Agricultural Engineering.

4. For M Tech Biotechnology : B. Tech degree - in chemical Engineering,

Biochemical Engineering, Industrial Biotech (BE), Leather technology,

Pharmaceutical Technology, Food Technology, B. Pharma, and Dairy

Technology or Master's Botany, Zoology Bio-chemistry, Microbiology,

Genetics, Physiology, Pharmacology and Biophysics.

All India Biotechnology Entrance Examination

Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi conducts the Combined Entrance examination for admission to M.Sc./M.Sc. (Agri.)/M.V.Sc.(Animal) Biotech/M. Tech Biotechnology in association with other universities in India. Candidates who have done their B. Sc. in physical, biological, agricultural, veterinary and fishery sciences, pharmacy, engineering, technology or medicine can take up this examination. Education Abroad The Ministry of Science and Technology awards the Biotechnology Overseas Associateship for advanced research in molecular biology, microbial genetics, gene therapy, virology, tissue culture and so on.

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