" Thermodynamics" is the sixth chapter of the NCERT Class 11 Chemistry textbook. Thermodynamics is a branch of science that deals with the relationship between heat and other forms of energy. The part of the universe in which the observation is called is a system. The system environment is part of the universe that does not contain a system. Based on the exchange of energy and matter, thermodynamic systems can be divided into three types: closed system, open system, an isolated system.
In a closed system, only energy can be exchanged with the environment. In an open system, power and matter can be exchanged around. In an isolated system, energy and matter cannot be exchanged with the environment.
Where, W = Work Done
F = Force
Dx= distance moved
θ= rise in temperature
Z = heat capacity
m1 = mass of water at lower temperature
m2 = mass of water at higher temperature
t01C = Lower temperature
t02C = higher temperature
t03C = resultant temperature
W = water equivalent of calorimeter + stirrer
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