Biosphere Reserve

Management And Natural Resource of Class 10


A biosphere is a specified area in which multiple use of land is permitted by dividing it into certain zones, each zone being specified for a particular activity.

Biosphere Reserve State(s)

Nilgiri Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu

Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh

Nanda Devi Uttar Pradesh

Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh

(Valley of flowers)

North Islands of Andamans Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu

Kaziranga Assam

Sunderbans West Bengal

Thar Desert Rajasthan

Manas Assam

Kanha Madhya Pradesh

Nokrek (Tura range) Meghalaya

Great Nicobar Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Little Rann of Kutch Gujarat


Concept of Biosphere

The concept of Biosphere Reserves is of immense value for conserving the gene—pool resources of flora and fauna in the country and to serve as bench—marks for future studies.The concept of Biosphere Reserve has the following objectives: To conserve for present and future human race use, the diversity and integrity of biotic communities of plants and animals within natural ecosystems and to safeguard the genetic diversity of species on which their continuing evolution depends.

  • To provide areas for ecological and environmental research.

  • To provide facilities for education and training. Non­governmental organisations (NGO) are participating in public awareness.

So wild life conservation involves the management of not only the living organisms but also the abiotic factors of the environment so as to maintain the life-supporting systems of the wild life.


Three specific objectives for the conservation of wild life are:

  • To maintain essential ecological processes and life-supporting systems (air, water and soil).
  • To preserve the diversity of species or the range of genetic material of world’s organisms.

  • To ensure a continuous (everlasting) use of species, infact ecosystems, which support rural communities and urban industries.

Biosphere Reserve

Talk to Our counsellor